Initiatives, Programs, and Policies
The Norwegian government is currently working on a broad hydrogen strategy. The strategy will encompass research, development, commercialization and use of hydrogen, and is due to be presented by the end of 2019.
Energi21 is the Norwegian national strategy for research, development, demonstration and commercialisation of new energy technology. It is the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy’s permanent strategic body for research, development and demonstration in the energy sector. The Energi21 strategy document from 2018 highlights hydrogen as one of the prioritized areas and the need for building a robust knowledge- and technology platform within this area.
The National Transport plan (2018-2029) includes an ambitious climate strategy with specific targets related to uptake of zero-emission technology in the transport sector, dependent on technology maturity. Among others:
new private cars, and light vans are to be zero-emission vehicles
new city buses are to be zero-emission vehicles or to be run on bio gas.
new heavy vans, 75 % of new long-distance buses, and 50 % of new lorries are to be zero-emission vehicles; and,
The Government policy also states that zero-emission technology (and low-emission technology) should be included in all future tenders for public ferries, when the technology allows for it.
Further policies that could lead to development of hydrogen solutions in the maritime industry involves the decision made in May 2018, where the Norwegian Government decided to ban all ships with harmful emissions from the world heritage fjords by 2026.
approximately all goods distribution to be zero emission in city centres.
Research and Development
In 2017 the research centre Mobility Zero Emission Energy Systems (MOZEES) was kicked off after being granted funding from The Research Council of Norway (RCN). MoZEES focuses on battery and hydrogen value chains, systems, and applications where Norway can take a leading position in the future. See
www.mozees.no for more information with respect to R&D activity and results.
MoZEES is part of RCN’s scheme for Centres for Environment-friendly Energy Research (FME). The objective of the scheme for FME is to establish time-limited research centres, which conduct concentrated, focused and long-term research of high international calibre in order to solve specific challenges in the field
ENERGIX is a research program funded by RCN, aiming to support research related to environmentally friendly energy, including both basic research and more applied research on hydrogen production, transport and use. Funding of basic research on hydrogen has for the last two years focused on improvement of electrolysis processes, while funding of more applied research has mainly focused on safety and other applied issues like large-scale export of hydrogen from Norway. With respect to the latter, this is also done together with the
CLIMIT research program for CCS.
Within ENERGIX, RCN also funds projects lead by industry with the aim of bringing hydrogen solutions out in the market. The current innovation projects running are all being led by NEL.
Basic research projects, applied research projects, and innovation projects receive 100%, up to 80% and up to 50% funding, respectively.
Demonstration, Deployments, and Workforce Developments
In 2018 the Ocean HyWay Cluster was granted funding from Innovation Norway with the aim to realize maritime use of hydrogen. The cluster have around 65 members and is run by Maritim Forening Sogn og Fjordane. Several projects for the use of hydrogen as fuel for maritime applications are currently maturing, including ferry, high speed passenger boat, fishing boat and service vessel for fish farming.
In 2017 Norwegian Public Roads Administration (NPRA) initiated a tendering process for a development contract for a hydrogen-electric ferry. In January 2019 NPRA and Norled signed the contract for development of such a ferry and Norled is now working on the final design. Plans are for the hydrogen-electric ferry to be in operation 2021.
Pilot-E is a joint program established by The Research Council of Norway, Enova and Innovation Norway aimed at facilitating a fast-track route for ideas within environmental friendly energy technology to the market. In 2018 the program was focused on environmentally friendly maritime transport and climate neutral industry. Six projects were granted a total funding of NOK107M (approximately US$12M). Among these, 4 within maritime transport possibly involving hydrogen and fuel cells technology and one industry project involving hydrogen production related to realisation of a value chain for green mineral fertilizers.
SINTEF is the project coordinator of the FCH JU funded project Haeolus (Hydrogen-Aeolic Energy with Optimised eLectrolysers Upstream of Substation) that proposes a new-generation electrolyser integrated within a state-of-the-art wind farm in a remote area with access to a weak power grid. One of the objectives is to demonstrate the ability to run a wind-hydrogen system in a remotely controlled setup, with only occasional on-site maintenance.
Varanger Kraft is an energy utility, owning both the Raggovidda wind park and the regional grid, is part of the project and have the responsibility for preparation, maintenance and operation of the demonstration site. According to plan, the demonstration site will be in operation late fall 2019.
Events and Solicitations
Among all the smaller and larger events in Norway;
Investments and Funding
ENOVA is the governmental funding body for projects and measures leading to energy efficiency and GHG reduction in companies and householdings. In 2018 Enova granted around NOK2,1Billion (approximately US$240M) in various projects and measures. As part of the ENOVA funding scheme also funding for hydrogen infrastructure and purchase of hydrogen vehicles is included. For example in 2018, NOK24M (approximately US$3M) was granted for building of 4 hydrogen filling stations for private cars, and NOK38M was granted for 10 hydrogen busses in Oslo (part of JIVE 2 project).
Regulations, Codes & Standards, and Safety
Based on the initiative from Norway, and other countries, the Working Group “Hydrogen Safety” was established in 2018 under the CEN/CLC/JTC 6 - Hydrogen in energy systems. The Working Group will address hydrogen safety issues related to parking structures, garages, and tunnels. Norway contribute with 4 experts to the group.
In 2018 the Norwegian Maritime Authority granted the hydrogen-electric ferries competing for the development contract Approval of preliminary design, according to MSC.1/Circ.1455 (IMO). This is a milestone in enabling approval of hydrogen-electric maritime transport. The winner of the contract is now working towards Approval of Final Design.
Reports & Publications
Norwegian Official Report: "Hydrogen as the Energy Carrier of the Future" (a proposal from the Official Hydrogen Commission for a new and enhanced hydrogen policy), 3 January 2005 (PDF 422KB)
Last updated May 2019
Norwegian Statement (PDF 416KB); 31st Steering Committee Meeting; Vienna, Austria; 9-12 April 2019
Norwegian Statement (PDF 581KB); 24th Steering Committee Meeting; Grenoble, France; 1-3 December 2015
Norwegian Statement (PDF 1.33MB); 21st Steering Committee Meeting; Oslo, Norway; 19-21 May 2014
Norwegian Statement (PDF 794KB); 15th Steering Committee Meeting; Vancouver, Canada; May 2011
Norwegian Statement (PDF 3.12MB); 13th Joint Meeting of the ILC & SC; Essen, Germany; May 2010
Norwegian Statement (PDF 1.96MB); ILC/SC Joint Meeting; Washington, DC; 1-3 December 2009
Norwegian Statement (PDF 491KB); Steering Committee Meeting; Kyoto, Japan; 14-15 September 2005
Norwegian Statement (PDF 508KB); ILC Committee Meeting; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 24-25 April 2007
Norwegian Statement (PDF 201KB); Steering Committee Meeting; Paris, France; 26-28 January 2005
Norwegian Statement; ILC Meeting; Reisensburg, Germany
Ministerial Statement (PDF 106KB); IPHE Inaugural Ministerial Meeting; Washington, D.C.; 20 Nov 2003
Contact: Ole Kristian Sollie | email@example.com