Updated July 2021

FC Trucks
FC Bus
​FC Forklifts
​FC Cars
Refueling Station
Stationary FC
Current Status
Target: by 2023
            by 2028
800 - 2,000
includes Bus & Truck
20,000 - 50,000
400 - 1,000
6.5 GW
Hydrogen Roadmaps and Strategies

Hydrogen Sector's Proposals for Renewable and Low-Carbon Hydrogen in France (January 2021)

Hydrogen Vision for France 2020 to 2030 Infographic (January 2021)

Stratégie nationale pour le développement de l'hydrogène décarboné en France (in French only) (08 September 2020)

(National strategy for the development of carbon-free hydrogen in France)

Plan de déploiement de l'hydrogène pour la transition énergétique (in French only) (01 June 2018)

Latest Steering Committee Meeting Presentation

Initiatives, Programs, and Policies

June 2021

• Fourth Future Investment Program.

Prime Minister Jean Castex presented on January the orientations of the fourth future investment programme (PIA 4). € 20 billion is mobilised over five years, of which € 7.5 billion is allocated to support the research, innovation and higher education ecosystem, and € 12.5 billion is channelled towards priority sectors and technologies. There are fifteen of them, including decarbonized hydrogen (cf. the National Hydrogen Strategy), decarbonisation of industry (process energy efficiency, deployment of decarbonized processes, carbon capture and its storage or recovery) or the decarbonisation of mobility. PIA 4 will devote at least 1/3 of its funds to the ecological transition and a general principle of investment is set so that none of its spending is unfavourable to the environment.

• Establishment of the French National Hydrogen Council.

The National Hydrogen Council, which brings together major industrialists representing several industrial sectors, will have the task of evaluating the smooth running of the actions planned to identify, if necessary, any possible obstacles or new actions to be put in place. The first meeting took place on 25 February in presence of three Ministers.

• Adoption of transposition orders for the European directive on Renewable Energies II.

The Council of Ministers on 3 March gave the Government the opportunity to adopt two transposition orders for the European Renewable Energy Directive 2018/2001 (RED II). The first, Ordinance No. 2021-236 on the electricity market, allows the issue of guarantees of origin for electricity produced by any primary energy source or by cogeneration, in addition to the existing guarantees of origin of renewable electricity. Origin guarantees for nuclear electricity will now be possible.

The second, Ordinance No. 2021-235, deals with the transposition of the sustainability component of RED II bioenergy. In addition to measures on biomass, it introduces in French law the category of "renewable liquid and gaseous fuels of non-biological origin intended for the transport sector" (ReFuNoBio), of the renewable hydrogen type, and recycled carbon fuels. ReFuNoBio must meet a GHG emission reduction criterion of -70% compared to a fossil comparator. On the 5 th of May, the Government presented to the Council of Ministers a project of law to ratify the ordinance on hydrogen, published in February. Both orders come into force on July 1, 2021.

• The Parliamentary Office for the Evaluation of Scientific and Technological Choices (OPECST) has adopted and published a scientific note on hydrogen production.

The note scans hydrogen production patterns, from natural gas stream reforming and coal gasification, to CO2 capture (CCS) techniques and water electrolysis from nuclear or renewable electricity. Since investments are high, electrolysers must be made more costeffective by lengthening their load. In this respect, only nuclear power and hydroelectricity have the dual advantage of being controllable and low-carbon. Other modes of production are analysed, including two solutions considered operational: methane pyrolysis, and biomass thermolysis, that must continue, in terms of research and industry. A final recommendation calls for more research into materials and knowledge of natural hydrogen.

• Governmental Roadmap to Decarbonize the Chemistry Sector.

The French Government, in conjunction with the National Industry Council, published on the 7 th of May a roadmap for the decarbonisation of the chemical sector. It sets a target to reduce its annual greenhouse gas emissions by 26% by 2030 (compared to 2015). The production of fossil H2 by chemical companies in France amounts to 300,000 t/year and represents GHG emissions of about 2.7 MtCO2eq/year. Its substitution by decarbonised hydrogen is considered under three penetration rate scenarios: -540,000 tCO2eq with 20% decarbonized hydrogen in industrial hydrogen consumption in 2030, -900,000 tCO2eq with 33%, and - 1,080,000 tCO2eq with 40%.

• Governmental roadmap for the decarbonization of the mining and metallurgy sector.

The Government, in conjunction with the National Industry Council, published on the 20th of May a roadmap for the decarbonisation of the mining and metallurgy sector. It sets a target to reduce its CO2 emissions by 31% by 2030. The sector, which accounts for 24% of total industry emissions, will therefore have to reduce its emissions by 7.4 MtCO2eq compared to 2015. This could be achieved by increasing the recycling rate of circular steel, reducing the use of coal in blast furnaces, carbon capture and storage or lowcarbon hydrogen for the pre-reduction of iron ore. This last lever could represent a decrease estimated between -45 to -90 ktCO2eq/year in 2030

• The underground storage of hydrogen included in the law from the Citizens' Climate Convention.

Translating into legislative provisions the conclusions of the Citizens' Climate Convention, the law to combat climate change and strengthen resilience to its effects is expected to be adopted at the end of the summer 2021. The Law’s Article 20 deals with the reform of the Mining Code and includes the Government ability to legislate by ordinance to take measures, in particular «subjecting the underground storage of hydrogen to the legal regime of underground storage» and “permitting the extension of existing underground storage permits to other substances, including hydrogen..., without changing the validity of the Mining Code”.

• Creation of a clean bus financing platform.

The European Investment Bank (EIB) and the Bank of the Territories invest €100 million each in an investment platform to finance the transition bus fleets in the French territories. Managed by the Bank of Territories, this platform will offer innovative financing to local and regional authority’s mobility organisers wishing to green their bus fleet and thus reduce their environmental impact. The "Clean Bus" platform is part of the Caisse des Dépôts’s recovery plan and its action in favour of the environmental transition.

• Hydrogen plan of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region.

The council of Provence-AlpesCôte d’Azur region has adopted its Regional Hydrogen Plan, with the objective of boosting this sector in order to help achieve the objectives of its Climate Plan. The Plan sets four priorities: decarbonize mobility with a focus on hydrogen ports and ships, decarbonize industry (steel industry in particular), produce renewable and low-carbon hydrogen (with a focus on biomass and Refused Derived Fuel potential) and finally, structure and manage a sector in the Region.

• The UGAP purchasing centre integrates 3 hydrogen bus models into its catalogue for public transport operators.

The French Union of Public Purchasing Groups, UGAP, has selected two Businova bus models from the French company Safra (10 and 12 m long) and one A330 FC model from the Belgian company Van Hool (12 m), with autonomies of 350 km. It thus completes its range of nine battery bus models, one hybrid and six GNV.

• Conditions and Requirements for the Technical Feasibility of a Power System with a High Share of Renewables in France Towards 2050.

This report, commissioned by France’s Ministry for the Ecological Transition and written jointly by the International Energy Agency and RTE, the French power Transmission System Operator, examines the conditions and requirements needed to assess the technical feasibility of scenarios with very high shares of variable renewable energy in France’s power system. RTE has chosen to pay particular attention to the place of hydrogen, reindustrialization and the impact of energy efficiency, with dedicated scenarios.

• Government unlocks €47 million for 14 hydrogen train order.

In response to a call from the Occitanie, Bourgogne–Franche-Comté, Grand Est and Auvergne–Rhône-Alpes regions, engaged with the SNCF in the order of 14 Alstom hydrogen trains, Prime Minister Jean Castex has announced to the four regional authorities his agreement for the funding of the Train H2 project. The Regions will contribute the remaining €83 million for a total investment of €160 million. On the 8 th of April, Alstom announced that it had received the order for 12 regional electric-hydrogen trains from SNCF Voyageurs.

• French roadmap for the deployment of sustainable aeronautical biofuels.

This ambition and strategy is based on 5 fundamental principles: (i) the maintenance of an optimal level of flight safety (ii) the assurance of the sustainability of aviation fuels produced in France (iii) the economic viability of the sector (iv) the development of costefficient supply chains (v) consistency with supranational initiatives. In the short and medium term, an ambitious but realistic deployment path: 2% in 2025 and 5% in 2030. In the long term, a target of 50% substitution of conventional fossil fuel by sustainable aeronautical biofuels in 2050 consistent with the achievement of neutrality carbon in France on this horizon.

December 2020

On 8 September 2020, at the event organized by the French national hydrogen association AFHYPAC in Paris, the Minister of Ecological Transition, Barbara Pompili, and the Minister of Economy, Finance and Recovery, Bruno Le Maire, presented the new strategy for renewable and low-carbon hydrogen development in France.


A €7B strategy - €3.4B for the next Three years – with three priorities to reach climate neutrality by 2050

  1. Decarbonised and competitive H2 for industry
    1. Development of a French water electrolysis industry through IPCEI (6.5GW installed by 2030)
    2. Replacement of fossil derived H2 with clean H2 (mainly refineries and chemistry) through renewable and low-carbon hydrogen certification and CfD aid type mechanism
  2. Clean hydrogen for heavy duty transport application (6Mt CO2 saved annually by 2030)
    1. Heavy duty vehicles manufacturing and components through a “demonstration and technology bricks call for projects
    2. Development of important H2 usage projects at local level through a “local hydrogen hubs” call for projects
  3. Support research, innovation and know-how development for tomorrow’s usages (50,000– 150,000 direct and indirect job creation)
    1. Implementation of a priority research programme for hydrogen applications
    2. Education and professional training programmes for hydrogen based on “profession and qualification campus”.

An Important Project of European Common Interest (IPCEI) should start in 2021. OCT 13, the President of the French Republic, the German Chancellor and the President of the European Commission agree at a Franco-German summit to boost the creation of an important project of common European interest (IPCEI) on hydrogen.

During the European Hydrogen Forum organised by the European Commission on 26 and 27 November, details were provided on the setting up of an IPCEI on hydrogen by the European Commission and the Member States. The Minister for Industry, Agnès Pannier-Runacher, unveiled the timetable envisaged by France to “build a clean and resilient hydrogen value chain” through the IPCEI. Minister explained, “Aim for a pre-notification [in Brussels] in May 2021 and a notification in November”. France has selected 24 industrial candidates and has reserved €1.5B for this IPCEI.

Regional hydrogen strategies and plans. Following Nomandie region in 2018 and Occitanie and Hauts-de-France regions in 2019, eight new French regions have released their hydrogen strategy or roadmap in 2020:

    • Bourgogne Franche Comté. The region plans to invest €90M by 2030 in addition to the €12M it is already investing starting in 2016.
    • Pays de la Loire has adopted its 2020-2030 roadmap in July with a budget of €100M around 25 measures.
    • Auvergne Rhône-Alpes, already engaged in the deployment project Zero Emission Valley has adopted its roadmap in July around mobility and industrial usages of renewable hydrogen.
    • Centre Val de Loire, in September, presented its hydrogen strategy around 3 axis: Renewable H2 production, Network the territory to offer H2 mobility to the entire population of the Region, and develop renewable hydrogen usages for the heating sector.
    • Nouvelle Aquitaine, in October, released its roadmap with the objective of structuring and developing a hydrogen industrial sector across the entire value chain, with a particular focus on the uses of mobility and energy mix networks.
    • Bretagne, at the end of October, published its roadmap for the Region that emphasizes the industrial ambition in the field of naval applications and that of offshore hydrogen production.
    • Ile-de-France, in October, integrated the development of a hydrogen mobility in its roadmap for the energetic transition.
    • Grand Est, in December, published its strategy with the objective of possibly becoming a hydrogen exporting region, of positioning itself as the supplier of a new low-carbon and green fuel in large volumes, for land uses or in long-distance transit, of standing out by investing in hydrogen river mobility and of building hydrogen projects in a European logic with neighbouring countries

The French national hydrogen association AFHYPAC becomes “France Hydrogene”. A new name, a new dimension and a new identity! A new identity still committed to the ecological transition. The growth in the hydrogen sector is reflected in the attractiveness of the France Hydrogen association, which now brings together nearly 250 stakeholders, all committed to achieving a structured hydrogen deployment in France, both across the value chain and in all territories.

_____________________________________________________________________________ June 2020
  • Ministers Bruno Le Maire and Elisabeth Borne met the Hydrogen Council in Paris. For its 3rd Annual Meeting, the Hydrogen Council met in Versailles on 20th of January on the sidelines of the “Choose France Summit” organized by President Macro
The Minister of Economy and Finance, Bruno Le Maire, and the Minister of Ecology and Inclusive Transition, Elisabeth Borne, addressed the Hydrogen Council members engaged in scaling up hydrogen solutions. “France believes in hydrogen. This technology is strategic if we want to achieve a zero-carbon economy. I therefore proposed to Emmanuel Macron that the hydrogen sector be chosen, within the framework of the “Productive Pact”, among those whose development must be accelerated” said Bruno Le Maire.

  • Launch by the French Government two new Calls for Expressions of Interest on Hydrogen. With a budget of €22M, a first AMI «Aid for the emergence of hydrogen mobility in the rail sector» addresses the regional rail transport authorities and aims to support the emergence of hydrogen mobility in the rail sector via bi-mode trains (electric/hydrogen).

A second AMI “Large-scale projects on the design, production and use of hydrogen systems” launched in January with mid-term closures mid-April (160 proposals) and end of June, to identify the structuring projects for the hydrogen sector and to accelerate the large-scale development of innovative technological levels on industrial and infrastructure projects.

The Ministry states that “The most effective structuring projects to develop the industrial clean hydrogen production can be supported in calls for projects launched in April 2020 or be supported at European level, for example in the framework of major projects of European Projects of Common European Interest (IPCEI)”.

  • Recovery plan for the automotive sector: On 26th of May, President Macron presented the stimulus package for the automotive sector, which he described as historic and focuses on clean cars. Thus, the bonus for electric vehicles (including those running on hydrogen) is increased to €7,000 for individuals and €5,000 for businesses. In addition, an aid of € 5,000 will be granted for the purchase of an electric vehicle as part of the conversion premium (which will be accessible to three-quarters of the French). It will be valid for the first 200,000 vehicles.

  • Recovery plan for the aeronautic sector: Green aircraft: €1.5 billion by the end of 2022 (8 June). In addition to its immediate support for the aerospace sector, the government’s recovery plan also aims to intensify R&D on "environmental disruption": accelerate the work on the green or sustainable aircraft. For this, no less than €1.5B will be released by the end of 2022 with the objective "to develop a regional aircraft with hybrid propulsion for commissioning at the end of the decade", stresses Elisabeth Borne, Minister of Ecological Transition. For the successor to the Airbus A320, the timetable is also tight since it is a question of developing a first demonstrator between 2026 and 2028 with an entry into operation between 2033 and 2035. With two areas of work: "energy efficiency thanks to a 30% decrease in fuel consumption and a 100% biofuel capacity" and "the switch to hydrogen as a primary energy".
  • Projects:
Hype - Ongoing Jupiter 100 - Ongoing GRHYD - Ongoing Lhyfe - Annouced

Research and Development

June 2021 • ADEME LCA study on light hydrogen mobility. In December 2020, ADEME, French Energy Agency, published its study on life-cycle analysis of the environmental performance of light hydrogen mobility, carried out with Sphera and Gincko 21. Two case studies, a sedan and a utility vehicle, are analysed. The study shows that hydrogen mobility, subject to a supply of low-carbon or renewable hydrogen produced by electrolysis, has a 69% to 75% lower life-cycle carbon footprint than a diesel vehicle, performance comparable to a battery-powered vehicle (-78%). This performance falls to 11% if hydrogen is of fossil origin. Transport of hydrogen at 200 bar to the station has a significant impact, estimated at 1.12 kgCO2/kgH2/100km, but can be reduced to 0.35 for transport at 500 bar. The hydrogen vehicle manufacturing stage has a similar impact to that of the battery vehicle (10.3 tonnes of CO2), with emission stations for the vehicle platform (61%) followed by the production of the tank (15%) and the mobilization of the fuel cell plate (7%). • ADEME study on the potential of the hydrogen train. The use of decarbonised hydrogen produced by electrolysis reduces CO2 emissions in use by 80% to 95% compared to a diesel engine. This solution is complementary, in particular, to that of the electrification of railways, both because of its economic relevance on regional lines with less dense traffic, by its ability to stimulate local hydrogen ecosystems. Among 52 priority greening lines identified by the French regions, 34 lines could be relevant for hydrogen compared to railway electrification, representing nearly 200-250 trains. • CNRS inaugurates its Hydrogen Federation. Created on the 1 st of January 2020 and formalised early March, CNRS Hydrogen Federation brings together more than 270 researchers and 28 CNRS laboratories, in partnership with universities, research organizations and engineering schools. It will coordinate the research efforts of these numerous teams on the major issues of decarbonized hydrogen, ranging from its production, purification, storage, to the production of systems for its use as fuel cells. The Federation has defined four main research areas: hydrogen production (for example, hightemperature electrolysers), storage (in gaseous and solid forms), mobility and stationary uses. In addition, the CNRS is currently preparing the setting up of a Scientific Interest Grouping (GIS) entitled French Hydrogen Initiative (IFHy) to bring together its former partners, the CEA and a club of industries. • Plastic fuel cells: The plastics manufacturer Novares from Monaco, which specializes in the manufacture of technical parts for the automobile as well as heat exchangers, has produced a plastic PEM fuel cell (Plastic Fuel Cell Stack). The weight gain is 35% compared to a stack of the same metal power. No further information available yet on the materials used, the performance in electrical and thermal conductions and in terms of lifetime span. December 2020

In the frame of the new French hydrogen strategy, a support to research, innovation and know-how development for tomorrow’s usages has been put in place as of 2021.

  • Implementation of a priority research programme for hydrogen applications (TRL 1-4 research) with a budget of €65M around four axis (i) Hydrogen production by electrolysis (ii) Hydrogen storage (iii) Hydrogen conversion (PEMFC, SOFC) (iv) accompanying framework issues needed with the deployment of hydrogen systems (LC(S)A, RCS, safety)
  • Education and professional training programmes for hydrogen based on “profession and qualification campus” with a budget of €30M.

Occitanie region to build hydrogen aircraft research campus. In partnership with Toulouse Métropole, the regional council will create a technological research campus on hydrogen aircraft at Francazal airport. It will include the current hydrogen research platform, which will be expanded to 150 researchers, and will be equipped with test beds and R&D activities from Airbus, Safran, Liebherr and Vitesco Technologies, among others.

_____________________________________________________________________________ June 2020
  • CEA received the award of EARTO (European Association of Research Technology Organisations) Innovation Awards 2019 in the Impact Expected category for the development of the Smart Energy Hub, a hybrid energy storage and co-generation system composed of a reversible SOFC/SOEC and batteries with smart energy management, enabling buildings to use their own clean and local energy supply. CEA – rSOC Solution, Energy transition on the move.

  • Artificial photosynthesis: hybridizing molecules and materials based on abundant elements for the production of H2. As part of the “Make Our Planet Great Again” initiative, CEA, in collaboration with Néel Institute and EPFL, have taken another step towards the preparation of a sustainable photo-electrode for hydrogen production. It is based on a hybrid architecture, a semiconductor that absorbs light and is interfaced with a molecular catalyst. The system consists of only non-toxic elements found in abundant quantities in the Earth’s crust. The strategy is to use a mixed semiconductor oxide composed of iron and copper to absorb visible light and generate an electron flux from the electrode where it is deposited to its surface with an aqueous solution.

Demonstration, Deployments, and Workforce Developments

June 2021 • France Hydrogen, the French hydrogen national association, has launched a new version of Vig'Hy, the Hydrogen Observatory presenting all the key figures of the hydrogen deployment in France. • Hydrogen gigafactory in Béziers: Europe’s green light for the creation of GENVIA. The European Commission has just approved the creation of a joint venture between Cameron-Schlumberger (Béziers site), CEA, Vinci Construction, Vicat and AREC Occitanie. The objective is the industrial deployment of a technology for disrupting the production of decarbonized hydrogen by high-temperature solid oxide electrolysers, which will be manufactured in Béziers. • SAFRA and SYMBIO partner to produce 1,500 hydrogen buses. Already partners in the design of the first French hydrogen buses, Safra and Symbio have signed a contract for the development of 1,500 buses equipped with an optimised hydrogen system and a range of services adapted to the latter. • Dijon, Le Mans and Angers share an order for hydrogen powered household waste dumpsters. On the 4 th of May, at a meeting in Le Mans, a group order for 29 hydrogenpowered refuse collection bins was made official. Dijon will obtain 20 hydrogen refuse collection bins in five years; Le Mans will buy 6 in three years and Angers 3. The objective of this grouping of orders is to limit the investment costs (vehicle price between €450,000 and €850,000) for local and regional authorities and to interest more production chains on the industrial side. The first delivery will take place in early 2023 and will benefit from subsidies from Europe, ADEME and the Regions. • ENGIE announces collaboration to carry out the feasibility study on South Africa’s hydrogen valley. ENGIE, announces the signing of an agreement together with South Africa’s Department of Science and Innovation, South African National Energy Development Institute, Anglo American and Bambili Energy, the clean energy solutions provider, to carry out a feasibility study to create a “Hydrogen Valley” located on the Bushveld Complex and more broadly around Johannesburg, Mogalakwena and Kwazulu Natal. • HYPE raises €80M to create the world’s first fleet of hydrogen taxis. This amount will first be used to buy the taxi company Slota, which holds 600 Parisian licenses. The vehicles, mainly diesel, will gradually be replaced by hydrogen cars. It will also be used to create two new charging stations. • 30 applications to connect Power-to-gas and hydrogen projects to the GRTgaz network in 2020. In the context of the publication of the European and French hydrogen strategies, the year 2020 was particularly active in the area of hydrogen. The power to gas Jupiter 1000 demonstrator has been injecting hydrogen molecules into the natural gas transport network since February 2020. GRTgaz has received up to the end of last year 30 applications for the connection of projects of all kinds for the injection of synthetic gas derived in particular from pyrogasification and/or hydrogen. • Hydrogen stations: McPhy to build a new plant in France. Announced on the 9th of March, this new site will enter into service from 2022. McPhy intends to increase its production to 100 hydrogen stations per year, which is 5 times more than it currently produces. • Elogen announced the signing of a contract with the German energy company E.ON, as part of its major SmartQuart project. Elogen will supply E.ON with a plug-andplay modular electrolyser with a capacity of 1 MW and a production capacity of 200 m3 of H2 per hour. • Referential of skills of the hydrogen sector. France Hydrogen has published a White Paper on the skills and professions of tomorrow in the field of hydrogen. As more than 100,000 jobs will be created in this sector, by 2030, stakeholders are trying to develop a strong national sector. The association has identified a total of 84 professions. It turns out that 27 of them require hydrogen expertise and 41 need basic technical knowledge. The remaining 16 do not require specific technical knowledge. December 2020

  • Airbus multiplies hydrogen aircraft concepts before final selection in 2025. Recently, the French aircraft manufacturer has unveiled a new model composed of 6 removable "pods" under the wings containing fuel cells
  • Qairos Energies to transform hemp into hydrogen. The Sarthoise company Qairos Energies plans to invest €18.8M in a pyro-gasification unit for locally grown hemp. This technology is an alternative to electrolysis for the production of renewable hydrogen.
  • ALSTOM to sell hydrogen trains in Italy. The French railway manufacturer has announced it has won a first contract worth €160M in Italy to supply six regional hydrogen trains for the Milan region.
  • Bulane, inventor of the industrial hydrogen flame, has just passed the 1,000 units of its Dyomix® electrolyser delivered to the European boiler market. Bulane developed a unique device in 2009: the Dyomix® electrolyser, a high-precision welding machine that produces a very hot hydrogen flame (2800°); Clean, CO2-free, ideal for assembling metals (climate, electrical, jewellery, etc.)
  • Pragma Industries associated with the Lyon-based company Apollon Solar, has sold its autonomous generators to Japanese civil aid. A €1M contract has just been signed between Pragma Industries and Apollon Solar and the Japanese civil relief services. The two French companies each developed part of the solution. Pragma imagined "Trekhy" a fuel cell system, Apollo designed Gennao H2, a hydrogen reactor.
  • Jupiter 1000 injects its hydrogen. The Jupiter 1000 project has entered a decisive phase of its history since it successfully carried out the first gas injections into the gas network.
  • Plastic Omnium and Elringklinger associated for hydrogen mobility. The specialist in body parts and cleaning systems Plastic Omnium has teamed up with the German supplier to create Ekpo, a joint venture developing a fuel cell.
  • RATP, the Parisian public transportation, runs its first hydrogen bus. The carbon footprint of passengers on line 185 that connects Paris (Porte d'Italie station) to the city of Choisy-le-Roi (Choisy-Sud station) will fall sharply in the coming months. In order to increase its knowledge on hydrogen, the RATP has started on Monday 19 October a first series of tests with a hydrogen bus.
  • Bouygues invests in PowiDian, a specialist in "green" hydrogen solutions. Bouygues invests in green hydrogen! Bouygues Energies & Services, an investment vehicle in Bouygues Construction start-ups, has signed an investment agreement in PowiDian, a specialist in "green" hydrogen solutions for territorial energy independence. Positioned on the energy transition, PowiDian develops 100% renewable electricity generation solutions for isolated and autonomous energy sites.
  • French hydrogen electrolyser specialist McPhy raises €180 million. Chart International Holdings, Inc., a division of Chart Industries, Inc. (NASDAQ: GTLS) (“Chart Industries”) and Technip Energies B.V. (“Technip Energies” subsidiary of TechnipFMC plc) (the “Strategic Investors”), as well as the historic strategic shareholders EDF Pulse Croissance Holding and the Ecotechnologies Fund, managed by Bpifrance Investissement as part of the Future Investment Programme, participated in the Offer, significantly strengthening the Company’s shareholder structure.
  • The equipment manufacturer Faurecia inaugurates in Bavans its worldwide center of expertise dedicated to hydrogen tanks. First component of a hydrogen sector in the Pays de Montbéliard, with the construction in Brognard of a plant to manufacture these large-scale hydrogen tanks from 2023. This centre of expertise will develop innovative materials, integrating artificial intelligence to increase the safety and durability of these storage tools. These tanks designed and developed in Bavans will then be partly produced next door in the new plant that the supplier will build on the economic zone of Technoland 2: 'We have decided to extend this reservoir activity to mass production in a new plant that we will build in Etupes. A €50M investment for a highly digitalised plant that is totally CO2 neutral".
  • Symbio selected to equip PSA’s first hydrogen utility vehicle. While the Peugeot Citroen PSA Group will launch a fleet of hydrogen trucks in 2021, it has called on Symbio’s expertise to integrate its standard hydrogen systems into the first 100 utility vehicles.
  • The Belgian group John Cockerill is investing €100M to become a major player in the hydrogen sector in France. The Aspach-le-Haut plant in Alsace, specialized in large-capacity electrolysers (5MW), will be operational at the end of 2021.
  • Engie and ArianeGroup join forces to propose a solution for heavy transport. Engie and Ariane Group announced the signing of a collaboration agreement in the field of liquefied renewable hydrogen. Both groups focus on heavy and long-haul transport: maritime, rail and aeronautics.
  • MOSAHYC, a 100% hydrogen border. The “Mosahyc” (Moselle Sarre Hydrogen Conversion) project, carried out by the French (GRT Gaz) and German (Creos Deutchland) gas transmission network operators has been the subject of an agreement whose objective is to create a 100% hydrogen European transport network by adapting existing gas infrastructures between the German Saarland, the French Grand Est and the Luxembourg border. The project will involve 70 km of pipeline with a capacity of up to 20,000 m³/h. Hydrogen will initially be used for heavy mobility uses in a region experiencing high daily road transits and will then feed industrial uses. In the longer term, the project paves the way for further conversions. The ambition is to contribute to the development of a regional cross-border hydrogen ecosystem.
___________________________________________________________________________ June 2020
  • Symbio, a Faurecia Michelin Hydrogen Company (Nov 2019): Equally owned by Faurecia and Michelin, the joint venture will invest €140M now, notably in a new factory in the region of Lyon. Symbio aims at becoming a world leader in hydrogen mobility by developing, producing, and marketing hydrogen fuel cell systems for light vehicles, commercial vehicles, buses and trucks, as well as for other areas of electro-mobility. Chaired by Fabio Ferrari, the founder of Symbio, it aims to hold 25% of the hydrogen market with a turnover of €1.5B by 2030.

  • Alstom a major player in hydrogen trains: After 18 months of testing, the two trains, which were put into service in September 2018, travelled 180,000 km. With this pilot operation, Alstom demonstrated that it is possible to use fuel cell technology for the daily transport of passengers. This success makes Alstom a major player in the market for green and sustainable mobility solutions for rail transport». Alstom is to build hydrogen trains for Italy (a five-year agreement signed with SNAM), to deliver 41 Coradia iLint trains to the Länder of Lower Saxony and Hesse in 2022 and has tested for ten days at night, without a passenger, in the north of the Netherlands.

  • Power to Gas: hydrogen injected into the gas network by Jupiter 1000 (20 February) In Fos-sur-Mer (Bouches-du-Rhône), the demonstrator Jupiter 1000 injected hydrogen for the first time on the gas network on February 20. An important milestone for this French Power to Gas project.

  • Lhyfe, new French startup, plans to deploy twenty green hydrogen electrolysers in four years (April). After a first order made in February for its future Bouin site in Vendée, the green hydrogen producer Lhyfe (15 employees) ordered 20 electrolysers from the Norwegian group NEL. Lhyfe plans to install them in the next four years on production sites in France and abroad, for local authorities and industry. They are initially intended for hydrogen-powered buses and household garbage trucks in the West of France. In addition to the €2.8M already invested in the creation of its R&D centre, which should be launched in 2021, Lhyfe plans to invest €5.5M in research and development over the next three years. The French bank of investment Bpifrance announces in May that it will support Lhyfe up to half of this new investment. Lhyfe intends to open in 2021 the first green hydrogen plant in France, produced thanks to wind energy, near the Bouin wind farm.

  • Hyflexpower (2 June) Engie Solutions, Siemens Gas and Power, Centrax, Arttic, the German Aerospace Centre and four European universities are launching the first "power-to-X-to-power" demonstrator project, incorporating a hydrogen-powered gas turbine. The European project Hyflexpower was launched as part of the Horizon 2020 framework programme. It is the "first industrial demonstrator in the world power-to-X-to-power equipped with an advanced hydrogen turbine," said the project partners. This demonstrator will be installed at the Smurfit Kappa PRF site in Saillat-sur-Vienne (Haute-Vienne), where Engie Solutions operates a 12 MWe cogeneration plant that produces steam for industrial use.

  • mosaHYc: a 100% hydrogen cross-border gas network conversion project (26 May) Grtgaz and CREOS announced their collaboration to create a 100% hydrogen European transport network, linking the Saar (Germany), the Grand Est (France) and the Luxembourg border. This unprecedented agreement between the two gas transport operators aims to make accessible a 70 km hydrogen transport infrastructure, by adapting existing gas infrastructure. This network will thus contribute to the development of a regional hydrogen ecosystem, cross-border between three countries.

  • H2V launches its hydrogen production plant in Normandy (22 May). H2V has filed with the town hall of Saint-Jean-de-folleville, a building permit for the first part of a "massive" hydrogen electrolysis production plant. This site aims to "decarbonize the oil industry" by offering hydrogen at the nearby refinery in Port-Jérôme. The leaders are talking about commissioning in 2022. The plant is expected to create 70 direct jobs. The capacity to produce green hydrogen will be 14,000 tonnes per year in 2022, and then 28,000 tonnes thereafter. H2V is partnering with Air Liquide.

Events and Solicitations

June 2021

  • 8 -10 September 2021 8ème édition des Journées Hydrogène dans les Territoires Le Kursaal, Dunkerque
December 2021
  • 9-10 December 2020 ENERGAÏA, FORUM DES ENERGIES RENOUVELABLES, Montpellier
  • 13 January 2021 French-Japanese panel discussion on the foundations for the energy transition
  • 23-24 march 2021,European Zero Emission Bus conference, Paris
  • 3-4 May 2021, Hyvolution 2021, Lyon
  • 9-11 June 2021, 8th edition of the Territorial hydrogen days, Dunkerque

Investments and Funding

December 2020

Two call for projects have been published in October 2020

  1. demonstration and technology bricks” with a budget of €350 M for the next three years

  2. local hydrogen hubs” with a budget of €275 M for the next three years.


June 2020

The French Government communicated on the results of the support of calls for projects (CFP) in 2019:

  • €11.5 million for the 5 winners of the CFP industry and
  • €80 million for the 20 winners of the CFP mobility are mobilized

Regulations, Codes & Standards, and Safety

June 2021

Publication and entry into force of the Hydrogen Ordinance.

This ordinance from 17 February 2021 defines the terminology of the different types of hydrogen, various provisions concerning its production, transport, storage and traceability, a support mechanism for the production of renewable and low carbon hydrogen (latter only if produced by electrolysis), and guarantees of origin and guarantees of traceability (physical traceability) for renewable and low carbon hydrogen pursuant article 52 of the Energy-Climate law. The terminology uses three categories of hydrogen, respecting technological neutrality (renewable, low-carbon, high-carbon). It establishes a general framework that will be completed in the coming months by two decrees, one concerning the traceability and planned in the first semester 2021, the other concerning the support mechanism to the production for the second semester, after its notification to the European Commission.

Publication of the decree on the metrology of hydrogen stations.

The French Administration has published a decree of 18 December 2020 relating to compressed gas mass measuring systems for vehicles, in order to adapt specific provisions to the metrology of stations delivering compressed hydrogen. The Order defines a required accuracy class for hydrogen measuring systems that must not be greater than 2 (plus or minus 2% of the measured quantity). The decree allows all station architectures to be admissible for certification, and reviews the periodicity of audits to 12 months.

Decree Implementing the LOM on Reporting of Low-Emission Vehicles

A decree adopted pursuant to the Mobility Guidance Act (LOM) was published concerning the publication of the percentage of low- and very low-emission vehicles of public fleets. Under the LOM, the State, public institutions, local and regional authorities and national companies are subject to low and very low emission vehicle quotas when renewing their fleets. Article 79 of the LOM establishes a reporting obligation for these targets from 2021: the actors concerned must make public the percentage of low- and very low-emission vehicles acquired or used during the previous year. These numbers include hydrogen passenger vehicles, light duty vehicles, heavy duty vehicles, bus and coaches


December 2020

Development is underway of an Ordinance and a Decree to define the terminology of the different types of hydrogen, various measures regulating its production, transport, storage and traceability, a framework to support the production of renewable and low carbon hydrogen, and guarantees of origin for renewable and low carbon hydrogen following article 52 of the Energy-Climate law.

The two regulations should be published in early 2021. The finalisation of the technical Ministerial Order is expected during 2021.


June 2020

Development is underway of an ordinance and a decree to define the terminology of the different types of hydrogen, various measures regulating its production, transport, storage and traceability, a framework to support the production of renewable and low carbon hydrogen, and guarantees of origin for renewable and low carbon hydrogen following article 52 of the Energy-Climate law. The two regulations should be published in early November 2020.


June 2021 June 2020

Member Statements

Last updated December 2020 France Statement (PDF); 35th Steering Committee Meeting; Online; 22 - 25 June 2021 France Statement (PDF); 34th Steering Committee Meeting; Online; 1 - 4 December 2020 France Statement (PDF); 33st Steering Committee Meeting; Online; 16 - 19 June 2020 France Statement (PDF); 31st Steering Committee Meeting; Vienna, Austria; 9 - 12 April 2019 France Statement (PDF); 30th Steering Committee Meeting; Pretoria, South Africa; 4 - 7 December 2018 France Statement (PDF); 28th Steering Committee Meeting; Netherlands; 20 - 23 November 2017 France Statement (PDF); 27th Steering Committee Meeting; Hamberg, Germany; 25 - 28 April 2017 France Statement (PDF); 26th Steering Committee Meeting; Gwangju, Republic of Korea; 1 - 4 November 2016 France Statement (PDF 291KB); 25th Steering Committee Meeting; Berkeley, CA, USA; 17 - 20 May 2016 France Statement (PDF 264KB); 24th Steering Committee Meeting; Grenoble, France; 1 - 3 December 2015 France Statement (PDF); 23rd Steering Committee Meeting; Wuhan, China; 27 - 28 May 2015 France Statement (PDF 3.97MB); 22nd Steering Committee Meeting; Rome, Italy; 2 - 3 December 2014 France Statement (PDF 4.70MB); 21st Steering Committee Meeting; Oslo, Norway; 19 - 21 May 2014 France Statement (PDF 1.49MB); 20th Steering Committee Meeting; City of Fukuoka, Japan; 20 - 21 November 2013 France Statement (PDF 3.01MB); 19th Steering Committee Meeting; London, United Kingdom; 23 - 24 May 2013 France Statement (PDF 1.96KB); 17th Steering Committee Meeting; Cape Town, South Africa; 3 - 4 May 2012 France Statement (PDF 1.33MB); 15th Steering Committee Meeting; Vancouver, Canada; 13 - 14 May 2011 France Statement (PDF 51KB); 13th Joint Meeting of the ILC & SC; Essen, Germany; 14 - 15 May 2010 France Statement (PDF 1.03MB); ILC/SC Joint Meeting; Washington, DC; 1 - 3 December 2009 France Statement (PDF 842KB); Steering Committee Meeting; Reykjavik, Iceland; 26 - 27 September 2006 France Statement (PDF 2.13MB; Steering Committee Meeting; Kyoto, Japan; 14 - 15 September 2005 France Statement; ILC Committee Meeting; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil France Statement (PDF 891KB); Steering Committee Meeting; Paris, France; 26 - 28 January 2005 France Statement; Steering Committee Meeting; Beijing, China France Statement (PDF 91KB); ILC Meeting; Reisensburg, Germany; 26 February 2004 Ministerial Statement (PDF 66KB); IPHE Inaugural Ministerial Meeting; Washington, D.C.; 20 Nov 2003 Contact: Tudor Florea | Laurent Antoni |