Updated July 2020
Target by 2030
1,000,000 (CA Goal)
1,000 (CA Goal)
500 MW >
Initiatives, Programs, and Policies
- The 2020 budget for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies (HFTO) Office is $150M (compared to $120M for 2019) covering hydrogen and fuel cells R&D infrastructure, technology acceleration, systems analysis and safety, codes & standards activities (note that the official name of the DOE office leading hydrogen and fuel cell efforts reverted closer to a former name- HFTO, rather than Fuel Cell Technologies Office (FCTO) to be consistent with its congressional budget chapter nomenclature).For future reference, HFTO is the correct name. Additional congressional appropriations included $30M for fossil energy, including solid oxide fuel cells and $11M for nuclear energy (along with $10M from HFTO for a nuclear to hydrogen demonstration).
- The U.S. DOE HFTO is currently updating its strategic plan (“Multiyear Plan”) which will set strategic priorities and key R&D area to focus on for the next several years. The plan will be released in the Fall 2020 timeframe. A major focus will be on heavy duty transportation as well as industrial end use applications.
- The US Industry Hydrogen Roadmap was released in early 2020. Industry stakeholders developed this report using McKinsey’s analysis team, similar to Hydrogen Council documents and it projects the potential for hydrogen across applications across the United States.
- Mr. Dan Brouillette was sworn in as Secretary of Energy upon departure of Secretary Perry. He had attended the first Hydrogen Energy Ministerial in 2018 and has also had an opportunity to drive FCEVs at DOE.
- California is developing a medium and heavy-duty zero-emission fleet regulation with the goal of achieving a zero-emission truck and bus California fleet by 2045. Other efforts are also underway focused on heavy duty vehicles. The current proposal (as of May 2020) would require truck manufacturers sell zero-emission electric trucks as an increasing percentage (from 5% to up to 50%, depending on the truck class) of their California sales from 2024 to 2030.
Research and Development
- The U.S. DOE continues to focus on enabling innovation through lab-led consortia related to hydrogen production, storage, fuel cells and enabling materials.
- Through substantial industry input, the U.S. DOE released performance targets for hydrogen fuel cell trucks to help guide R&D activities in this area.
- The U.S. DOE released a Program Record on the cost of hydrogen produced electrolyzers if manufactured at high volumes. The projected, high-volume, untaxed cost of hydrogen from electrolyzers, which splits water into hydrogen and oxygen, can range from approximately $2 to $7 per kilogram of hydrogen.
Demonstration, Deployments, and Workforce Developments
- Four demonstration projects selected by the U.S. DOE for funding are finalizing their siting plans for MW scale demonstrations in Texas, Florida, and the Midwest and will include use of solar, wind, and nuclear power to produce hydrogen for both stationary and transportation applications.
- The U.S. DOE and Hyundai Motor Company announced a partnership to assess and validate the current status and performance of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. This collaboration will include data collection and validation on five Hyundai NEXO fuel cell cars, as well as the installation of the H-Prize H2Refuel winner’s small scale refueler (SimpleFuel Unit) to support refueling and identify infrastructure R&D gaps.
- The U.S. DOE and U.S. Army issued a solicitation to develop and demonstrate H2Rescue, a hydrogen fuel cell-powered emergency relief truck. The solicitation can provide up to $1 million in federal funds and requires an equal match of industry contributions.
- The U.S. DOE HFTO’s most recent funding opportunity announcement included topics to demonstrate integrated hydrogen production, storage, distribution and utilization systems for maritime applications and data centers. An additional topic focused on workforce development and training programs to support the emerging hydrogen and fuel cell industry.
Events and Solicitations
- U.S. DOE hosted an H2@Scale workshop on Nov 5 and in conjunction with the Fuel Cell Seminar in Long Beach, CA.
- U.S. DOE held various H2IQ hours, including one highlighting hydrogen and fuel cell stakeholders that have contributed to COVID-19 relief efforts in the U.S.
- U.S. DOE Nuclear Energy and Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Offices participated in a webinar organized by the Clean Energy Ministerial’s Hydrogen Initiative (NICE) to identify opportunities from coupling nuclear and hydrogen.
- The 2020 U.S. DOE Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting was cancelled due to concerns about the COVID-19 pandemic. Presentations prepared will be posted online.
- The 2021 AMR will be held from June 8-10, 2021 in Crystal City, Virginia
Investments and Funding
- On Jan 23, U.S. DOE announced its Fiscal Year 2020 H2@Scale New Markets FOA, making available up to $64 million in federal funding for projects that demonstrate ways to scale up affordable hydrogen and fuel cell technology options.
- The U.S. DOE’s Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) and Nuclear Energy (NE) Offices are funding up to $21 million under the U.S. Industry Opportunities for Advanced Nuclear Technology Development Funding Opportunity to projects aimed at leveraging synergies between nuclear and hydrogen technologies.
- The U.S. DOE announced nearly $20 million in small business awards which included projects that will focus on hydrogen R&D challenges and advance progress in hydrogen production from offshore wind.
Regulations, Codes & Standards, and Safety
- The Center for Hydrogen Safety plans to hold two conferences in the coming months. The first is planned for September 15-16 in Anaheim, CA. The second is planned for October 20-21 in Frankfurt, Germany. The timing of these events is subject to change due to COVID-19.
- The Global Technical Regulation (GTR) Phase II is ongoing. Recent in-person meetings have been cancelled but remote meetings of the individual task forces have taken place.
- Sandia National Laboratories recently released a report, “Alternative Fuel Vehicles in Tunnels.”
California Fuel Cell Parternship
California Hydrogen Business Council
Colorado Cleantech Industries Association
Connecticut Hydrogen-Fuel Cell Coalition
Fuel Cell & Hydrogen Energy Association
Hawaii Technology Development Corporation
Ohio Fuel Cell Coalition
Renewable Hydrogen Alliance
Reports & Publications
Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE): Multiyear Research, Development and Demonstration Plan
Office of Nuclear Energy (NE): Nuclear Hydrogen R&D Plan (PDF 1.81MB)
Office of Fossil Energy (FE): Hydrogen from Coal Program Research, Development and Demonstration Plan (PDF 1.45MB)
Office of Science (SC): Basic Research Needs for the Hydrogen Economy (PDF 7.24MB)
DOE's Fuel Cell School Buses Report to Congress (PDF 783KB)
The Secretary of Energy's First Biennial Report to Congress Responding to Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technical Advisory Committee (HTAC) Findings and Recommendations during (PDF 123KB)Fiscal Year 2007