united states

Updated July 2020
FC Trucks
FC Bus
​FC Forklifts
​FC Cars
Refueling Station
Stationary FC
Current Status 
Target   by 2030
1,000,000 (CA Goal)
1,000 (CA Goal)
500 MW >
Hydrogen Roadmap

Initiatives, Programs, and Policies

  • The 2020 budget for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies (HFTO) Office is $150M (compared to $120M for 2019) covering hydrogen and fuel cells R&D infrastructure, technology acceleration, systems analysis and safety, codes & standards activities (note that the official name of the DOE office leading hydrogen and fuel cell efforts reverted closer to a former name- HFTO, rather than Fuel Cell Technologies Office (FCTO) to be consistent with its congressional budget chapter nomenclature).For future reference, HFTO is the correct name. Additional congressional appropriations included $30M for fossil energy, including solid oxide fuel cells and $11M for nuclear energy (along with $10M from HFTO for a nuclear to hydrogen demonstration).
  • The U.S. DOE HFTO is currently updating its strategic plan (“Multiyear Plan”) which will set strategic priorities and key R&D area to focus on for the next several years. The plan will be released in the Fall 2020 timeframe. A major focus will be on heavy duty transportation as well as industrial end use applications.
  • The US Industry Hydrogen Roadmap was released in early 2020. Industry stakeholders developed this report using McKinsey’s analysis team, similar to Hydrogen Council documents and it projects the potential for hydrogen across applications across the United States.
  • Mr. Dan Brouillette was sworn in as Secretary of Energy upon departure of Secretary Perry. He had attended the first Hydrogen Energy Ministerial in 2018 and has also had an opportunity to drive FCEVs at DOE.
  • California is developing a medium and heavy-duty zero-emission fleet regulation with the goal of achieving a zero-emission truck and bus California fleet by 2045. Other efforts are also underway focused on heavy duty vehicles. The current proposal (as of May 2020) would require truck manufacturers sell zero-emission electric trucks as an increasing percentage (from 5% to up to 50%, depending on the truck class) of their California sales from 2024 to 2030.

Research and Development

  • The U.S. DOE continues to focus on enabling innovation through lab-led consortia related to hydrogen production, storage, fuel cells and enabling materials.
  • Through substantial industry input, the U.S. DOE released performance targets for hydrogen fuel cell trucks to help guide R&D activities in this area.
  • The U.S. DOE released a Program Record on the cost of hydrogen produced electrolyzers if manufactured at high volumes. The projected, high-volume, untaxed cost of hydrogen from electrolyzers, which splits water into hydrogen and oxygen, can range from approximately $2 to $7 per kilogram of hydrogen.

Demonstration, Deployments, and Workforce Developments

  • Four demonstration projects selected by the U.S. DOE for funding are finalizing their siting plans for MW scale demonstrations in Texas, Florida, and the Midwest and will include use of solar, wind, and nuclear power to produce hydrogen for both stationary and transportation applications.
  • The U.S. DOE and Hyundai Motor Company announced a partnership to assess and validate the current status and performance of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. This collaboration will include data collection and validation on five Hyundai NEXO fuel cell cars, as well as the installation of the H-Prize H2Refuel winner’s small scale refueler (SimpleFuel Unit) to support refueling and identify infrastructure R&D gaps.
  • The U.S. DOE and U.S. Army issued a solicitation to develop and demonstrate H2Rescue, a hydrogen fuel cell-powered emergency relief truck. The solicitation can provide up to $1 million in federal funds and requires an equal match of industry contributions.
  • The U.S. DOE HFTO’s most recent funding opportunity announcement included topics to demonstrate integrated hydrogen production, storage, distribution and utilization systems for maritime applications and data centers. An additional topic focused on workforce development and training programs to support the emerging hydrogen and fuel cell industry.

Events and Solicitations

  • U.S. DOE hosted an H2@Scale workshop on Nov 5 and in conjunction with the Fuel Cell Seminar in Long Beach, CA.
  • The 2021 AMR will be held from June 8-10, 2021 in Crystal City, Virginia

Investments and Funding

  • On Jan 23, U.S. DOE announced its Fiscal Year 2020 H2@Scale New Markets FOA, making available up to $64 million in federal funding for projects that demonstrate ways to scale up affordable hydrogen and fuel cell technology options.
  • The U.S. DOE announced nearly $20 million in small business awards which included projects that will focus on hydrogen R&D challenges and advance progress in hydrogen production from offshore wind.

Regulations, Codes & Standards, and Safety

  • The Center for Hydrogen Safety plans to hold two conferences in the coming months. The first is planned for September 15-16 in Anaheim, CA. The second is planned for October 20-21 in Frankfurt, Germany. The timing of these events is subject to change due to COVID-19.
  • The Global Technical Regulation (GTR) Phase II is ongoing. Recent in-person meetings have been cancelled but remote meetings of the individual task forces have taken place.


Reports & Publications

Road Map to a US Hydrogen Economy: Full Report "A coalition of major oil & gas, power, automotive, fuel cell, and hydrogen companies have come together to develop a Road Map to a US Hydrogen Economy. This comprehensive Road Map details how the U.S. can expand its global energy leadership, by scaling up activity in the rapidly emerging and evolving hydrogen economy, as policy makers and industry work together and take the right steps. More Planning Documents In 2006, the DOE's hydrogen and fuel cell activities were documented at a high level in the Hydrogen Posture Plan PDF 2.46MB), which also included U.S. Department of Transportation activities. In 2011, the Department of Energy released the Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Plan that outlines the strategy, activities, and plans of the DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program. Detailed discussions of the barriers as well as current and planned RD&D activities can be found in the hydrogen R&D plans of the individual DOE offices, as follows:

Reports to Congress

Member Statements

Last updated July 2020 United States Statement (PDF); 33nd Steering Committee Meeting; Online; 16-19 June 2020 United States Statement (PDF); 32nd Steering Committee Meeting; Seoul, Republic of Korea; 21-25 October 2019 United States Statement (PDF 497KB); 31st Steering Committee Meeting; Vienna, Austria; 9-12 April 2019 United States Statement (PDF); 30th Steering Committee Meeting; Pretoria, South Africa; 4-7 December 2018 United States Statement (PDF); 29th Steering Committee Meeting; Kobe, Japan; 8-11 May 2018 United States Statement (PDF); 28th Steering Committee Meeting; Netherlands; 20-23 November 2017 United States Statement (PDF); 27th Steering Committee Meeting; Hamburg, Germany; 25-28 April 2017 United States Statement (PDF); 26th Steering Committee Meeting; Gwangju, Republic of Korea; 1-4 November 2016 United States Statement (PDF 434KB); 25th Steering Committee Meeting; Berkeley, CA, USA; 17-20 May 2016 United States Statement (PDF); 24th Steering Committee Meeting; Grenoble, France; 1-3 December 2015 United States Statement (PDF); 23rd Steering Committee Meeting; Wuhan, China; 27-28 May 2015 United States Statement (PDF 2.60MB); 22nd Steering Committee Meeting; Rome, Italy; 2-3 December 2014 United States Statement (PDF 1.45MB); 21st Steering Committee Meeting; Oslo, Norway; 19-21 May 2014 United States Statement (PDF 3.25MB); 20th Steering Committee Meeting; City of Fukuoka, Japan; 20-21 November 2013 United States Statement (PDF 2.69MB); 19th Steering Committee Meeting; London, United Kingdom; 23-24 May 2013 United States Statement (PDF 5.23MB); 18th Steering Committee Meeting; Seville, Spain; 14 November 2012 United States Statement (PDF 3.96MB); 17th Steering Committee Meeting; Cape Town, South Africa; 3-4 May 2012 United States Presentation (PDF 1.16MB); 13th Joint Meeting of the ILC & SC; Essen, Germany; May 2010 United States Statement (PDF 3.16MB); ILC/SC Joint Meeting; Washington, DC; 1-3 December 2009 United States Statement (PDF 580KB); Implementation-Liaison Committee Meeting; Seoul, Korea; 11-14 June 2007 United States Statement (PDF 427KB); Steering Committee Meeting Sao Paulo, Brazil; 24-25 April 2007 United States Statement (PDF 352KB); Implementation-Liaison Committee Meeting; Oxford, England; 30 January - 1 February 2007 United States Statement (PDF 2.77MB); Implementation-Liaison Committee Meeting; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 22 March 2005 United States Statement (PDF 1.67MB); Steering Committee Meeting; Beijing, China; 26-28 May 2004 U.S. Secretary of Energy Statement (PDF 96KB); IPHE Inaugural Ministerial Meeting; Washington, D.C.; 20 Nov 2003 Contact: Sunita Satyapal | Sunita.Satyapal@ee.doe.gov & Greg Kleen | Greg.Kleen@ee.doe.gov & Eric Miller | Eric.Miller@ee.doe.gov

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