GERMANY

Updated November 2019
FC Trucks
FC Bus
​FC Forklifts
​FC Cars
Refueling Station
Electrolyzer
Stationary FC
Current Status 
2
100
21
530
76
--
Target  by 2020
     by 2025
     by 2030
     by 2035
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
--
100
400
--
--
5GW
10GW (Total)
6900
--
Hydrogen Strategy and Roadmaps

Initiatives, Programs, and Policies


2020 National Hydrogen Strategy

The Federal German Government presented a draft for the first Climate Action Law of Germany in October 2019. The law is one element in a package of climate legislation and policy programs to ensure Germany reaches their climate targets of 2030. The law includes different measures for climate protection like a phase-out of energy production from coal and the deployment of renewable energy production.

Within the consultation process, hydrogen and fuel cell technologies were identified as important technologies to reach Germany’s climate targets. Therefore, a National Hydrogen Strategy is under development by four ministries: Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy (BMWi), Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI), Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The National Hydrogen Strategy will be introduced in December and will contain the framework for further activities of the German government regarding hydrogen technologies up to 2030.




Research and Development


The Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy presented the winners of the competition for large scale R&D projects within the 7th Energy Research Programme. With these projects, future-oriented energy technologies are being tested under real conditions and on an industrial scale. The central topic in the competition is the production, distribution and usage of low-carbon hydrogen among different sectors. A total of 20 projects have been selected of which 11 projects have a directly related to hydrogen production or usage. In total, a PtX capacity of around 330 MW is addressed with these 11 projects.

The Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure has selected 9 regions for the first (HyStarter) of three phases of the HyLand projects within the National Innovation Programme Hydrogen and Fuel Cells (NIP). These regions are Kiel, Rügen-Stralsund, Schaumburg, Lausitz, Weimar, Marburg, Neustadt an der Waldnaab, Reutlingen and Allgäu. Each of the regions or municipalities is advised on the organization and on the conception of the project for about one year. This includes forming a stakeholder landscape (e.g., political representations, municipal enterprises, industry, commerce, society), and jointly developing initial concept ideas on hydrogen and fuel cells, based on renewable energies in transport, but also in the areas of heat, electricity and storage.

The project ELEKTRA started in August funded by the NIP. The energy supply on the tugboat will be solely by gaseous hydrogen, fuel cells and batteries. Construction is scheduled to begin in October 2019, with completion by the shipyard scheduled for the fourth quarter of 2020. The ELEKTRA is to be used primarily in the transport of goods on the Berlin-Hamburg route and inner-city transport routes in Berlin.




Demonstration, Deployments, and Workforce Developments


The NIP is funding market deployment of fuel cell technologies in the transportation sector. This includes passenger cars, busses, trains and other mobile applications with fuel cell technologies. By October, 152 fuel cell vehicles had been registered in 2019 which sums up to 530 FCEVs in Germany. For those FCEVs, 76 hydrogen refuelling stations are available.

In the first half of 2019, more than 1,100 fuel cell heating systems for domestic buildings up to 5 kW have be granted for public funding. In total, 6,600 fuel cell systems for heating are in place in Germany.




Events and Solicitations


April 20 – 24, 2020 Hannover Messe




Investments and Funding


The second phase of the National Innovation Programme for Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Technology, in place since 2016, relies on two funding mechanisms. One mechanism addresses R&D projects, directly linked to FCH topics. Several projects were approved with most providing support for market uptake by decreasing costs and increasing product lifetime. Single components as well as complete systems and production chains are considered within the approved projects. A brief overview of all projects of 2018 is given in the annual report of the NOW GmbH.

The other funding mechanism within the NIP is to support investment deploying FCH technologies. For example, the purchase of about 150 cars received funding support as mentioned above. Many of the fuelling stations now in operation were funded by the NIP that also includes, in some cases, support for the production of hydrogen by water electrolysis.




Regulations, Codes & Standards, and Safety


With approval of the Renewable Energy Directive at the European Level, discussions are now underway on its integration into the national framework. It will be important to generate incentives for integration of advanced fuels into the fuel mix including hydrogen as an advanced fuel in upstream processing. This might lead to large-scale deployments of water electrolysis systems in refineries.




Data





Websites


Federal Ministries

Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy

Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development

Federal Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (English) Federal Ministry of Education and Research National Organizations NOW GmbH - Nationale Organisation Wasserstoff- und Brennstoffzellentechnologie Networks/Initiatives of Federal States Baden-Wuerttemberg: Fuel Cell Initiative of Baden Wuerttemberg Bavaria: WIBA - Coordination Centre of the Bavarian Hydrogen Initiative Hamburg: hySOLUTIONS Hamburg NRW: Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Network North-Rhine Westphalia HyRaMP: European Regions and Municipalities Partnership for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Associations German Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Association (DWV) Initiative Fuel Cell (IBZ) Projects Clean Energy Partnership (CEP) in Berlin CALLUX: Lighthouse Project for Residential Energy NRW Hydrogen Hyway World Fuel Cell Council




Reports & Publications


NOW GmbH - Nationale Organisation Wasserstoff- und Brennstoffzellentechnologie: Annual Report 2018

Archive NOW Annual Report 2008 (PDF 4.83MB) National Development Plan (NEP 2.1), April 2007 English (PDF) German (PDF) National Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology Innovation Programme (NIP), May 2006 English (PDF) German (PDF) The 5th Energy Research Programme of the Federal Government, July 2005 English (PDF 546KB) | German (PDF 659KB) Strategy Report on Research Needs in the Field of Hydrogen Energy Technology English (PDF 806KB) | German (PDF 1.78MB)




Member Statements


Last Updated November 2019 German Statement (PDF); 32nd Steering Committee Meeting; Seoul, Republic of Korea; October 21-25, 2019 German Statement (PDF); 31st Steering Committee Meeting; Vienna, Austria; April 9-12, 2019 German Statement (PDF); 30th Steering Committee Meeting; Pretoria, South Africa; 4-7 December 2018 German Statement (PDF); 29th Steering Committee Meeting; Kobe, Japan; 8-11 May 2018 German Statement (PDF); 24th Steering Committee Meeting; Grenoble, France; 1-3 December 2015 German Statement (PDF); 23rd Steering Committee Meeting; Wuhan, China; 27-28 May 2015 German Statement (PDF 2.35MB); 22nd Steering Committee Meeting; Rome, Italy; 2-3 December 2014 German Statement (PDF 1.54MB); 21st Steering Committee Meeting; Oslo, Norway; 19-21 May 2014 German Statement (PDF 1.19MB); 20th Steering Committee Meeting; City of Fukuoka, Japan; 20-21 November 2013 German Statement (PDF 830KB); 19th Steering Committee Meeting; London, United Kingdom; 23-24 May 2013 German Statement (PDF 543KB); 18th Steering Committee Meeting; Seville, Spain; 14 November 2012 German Statement (PDF 985KB); 17th Steering Committee Meeting; Cape Town, South Africa; 3-4 May 2012 German Statement (PDF 1.90MB); 15th Steering Committee Meeting; Vancouver, Canada; May 2011 German Presentation (Reiner) (PDF 3.12); Governmental Programs on E-Mobility; Ulm, Germany; 15 June 2010 German Presentation (Bonhoff) (PDF 3.12); Governmental Programs on E-Mobility; Ulm, Germany; 15 June 2010 German Presentation (PDF 420KB); IPHE Infrastructure Workshop; Sacramento, CA, USA; 25-26 February 2010 German Statement (PDF 4.39MB); ILC/SC Joint Meeting; Washington, DC; 1-3 December 2009 German Statement (PDF 3.76MB); ILC Committee Meeting; Essen, Germany; 19-22 February 2008 German Statement (PDF 471KB); ILC Committee Meeting; Seoul, Korea; 11-14 June 2007 German Statement (PDF 246KB); ILC Meeting; Oxford, England; 30 January - 1 February 2007 German Statement (PDF 397KB); Steering Committee Meeting; Reykjavik, Iceland; 26-27 September 2006 German Statement (PDF 662KB); Steering Committee Meeting; Kyoto, Japan; 14-15 September 2005 German Statement (PDF 923KB); ILC Committee Meeting; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 22 March 2005 German Statement (PDF 263KB); Steering Committee Meeting; Paris, France; 26-28 January 2005 German Statement (PDF 80KB); ILC Meeting; Reisensburg, Germany; 26 February 2004 Ministerial Statement (PDF 94KB); IPHE Inaugural Ministerial Meeting; Washington, D.C.; 20 Nov 2003 Contact: Adam Mutwil | adam.mutwil@bmvi.bund.de Geert Tjarks | geert.tjarks@now-gmbh.de





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