Brazil

Updated December 2020

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Current Status 
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Hydrogen Roadmap

Initiatives, Programs, and Policies


December 2020

Since June 2020, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI) has been discussing internally its Hydrogen Energy Actions for 2021. To help the Ministry, a form was disseminated among numerous Brazilian partners seeking views to guide the Ministry’s actions for the next few years. After collecting contributions from 20 institutions, the Ministry expects to have a governmental action plan in the first semester of 2021.

Also in June 2020, the Brazilian-German Industry and Commerce Association (AHK) started to prepare for the “Sector Mapping of Green Hydrogen in Brazil” project under the German-Brazilian Energy Partnership. The objective of this study is to identify the main stakeholders involved today in the value chain of hydrogen in Brazil. In addition, the study will give a general vision on the main technologies for green hydrogen production and Power-to-X, and its status in Brazil.

The study intends to give an overview of what is the current consumption of hydrogen in Brazil and who are its main consumers, as well as what is the production and who are the main producers and locations of production of green hydrogen. It will also investigate what are the main hydrogen and PtX generation technologies used in Brazil and what is the development forecast in the current scenario in the Brazilian matrix. The results will provide a list of the main stakeholders in Brazil along the green hydrogen value chain and the PtX tracking product, and will try to identify the interests of Brazilian industry in the introduction of green hydrogen in the Brazilian energy matrix.

The preliminary results were presented at the BW Expo Summit Digital 2020 November (17th-19th 2020). The complete study will be delivered on November 30th to the German International Cooperation Agency (GIZ) and the Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) and will serve as a basis for the Ministry to initiate a revision of the National Roadmap for the Hydrogen Economy in Brazil.

The Brazilian Hydrogen Association (ABH2) believes that the time has come to join forces for the large-scale use of hydrogen as an energy carrier in Brazil. Throughout 2020, ABH2 has partnered with MCTI to work together, holding meetings with various companies and government agencies in order to understand the national scenario and develop a strategy for hydrogen energy in Brazil. Among them, the Energy Research Office (EPE), which develops energy planning for MME; Electric Center Research Group (GESEL), a research center focused on electricity and economy; the National Electricity Agency (ANEEL), the regulatory agency for the electricity sector in Brazil, professional associations, among others.

____________________________________________________________________________

June 2020

Led by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI) and the Brazilian Hydrogen Association (ABH2), discussions are being held with different stakeholders in Brazil with the objective of considering the insertion of hydrogen energy in the Brazilian Energy Matrix, involving: the Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) the Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency (Aneel) and the Brazilian Energy Research Office (EPE), academy, and industry representatives.

In June 2020, the Brazilian/German Industry and Commerce Association (AHK) started a project with GIZ and MME to prepare a study called Sector Mapping Hydrogen Brazil. The objective of this study is to identify the main stakeholders for a Brazilian Green Hydrogen Roadmap. In addition, the study will give a general vision about the main technologies for green hydrogen production and Power-to-X, and its status in Brazil.




Research and Development


December 2020

In the International Chem-E-Car Competition of the American Institute of Chemical Engineering (AIChE), the Centro Universitário FEI (FEI University Center), representing Brazil, received the first Design and Safety award, using an open-cathode fuel cell vehicle integrated into the chassis.

__________________________________________________________________________ June 2020 The Brazilian Hydrogen Association has made a compilation of the research centers from universities and industry presently active in research developments on hydrogen and fuel cells, and a selection of companies that co-finance such developments. The following charts present the results. Figure 1 presents the main topics of interest, with emphasis on hydrogen production. Figure 2 shows that the research and development activities are mainly distributed across the Southeastern, Northeastern and Southern regions of the country. Figure 3 shows that most of the companies co-financing H&FC research and development are from the utility sector, mainly generating and distributing electrical energy and most of them are from the public sector, as shown in Figure 4. Fig. 1 – Main topics under research development in Brazil presently. Fig. 2 – Distribution of R&D centers working on H&FC themes across the country’s regions. Fig. 3 – Main activities of the companies developing hydrogen energy technologies in Brazil presently. Fig. 4 – Type of ownership of the Brazilian companies developing hydrogen energy technologies presently. Annex 1 below presents a listing of the institutions selected to generate the data for Figures 1 and 2 and Annex 2 shows a listing of the companies selected to produce the data presented in Figures 3 and 4.




Demonstration, Deployments, and Workforce Developments


December 2020

In March 2020, Itaipu Binacional initiated investments in a new agreement with the Technological Park Itaipu Foundation, with the main objective of promoting research and business generation on the theme of hydrogen, contributing significantly to the basis for creating the Green Hydrogen Economy. With regard to research activities, it is important to highlight that the main focus is on the development of methods of operation and maintenance of the Hydrogen Production Plant by alkaline water electrolysis and generation of electrical energy using PEM fuel cell. For example, a systematic study is being carried out on the alkaline electrolyser with a production capacity of 10 Nm3 of hydrogen per hour on a 6 kW PEM fuel cell, in order to understand the degradation and corrosion processes, in addition to search spare parts supplied by national companies.

Also, many safety procedures have been developed by the project team based on their practical and theoretical experience. In addition, studies are being carried out to develop NiFe-based electrodes using national raw material, as well as electrode-position processes to produce the electrodes. Studies on chemically modified chitosan-based membranes, obtained from freshwater shrimp shells, have been carried out with the aim of using national inputs in PEM fuel cells. Finally, combustion studies of mixtures of biomethane and hydrogen have been conducted. This issues is of specific interest due to the large capacity for biomethane production from biogas in the western region of Paraná State thus making it an energy input with high potential for use in this region. ___________________________________________________________________________ June 2020 Two demonstration projects related to R&D initiatives underway in Brazil are supported by a Federal Fund for R&D projects of the electrical energy sector. Both R&D projects were approved for implementation by ANEEL in 2016, under a public call for proposals of R&D projects oriented towards the development of large-scale renewable energy storage plants.

1. One includes a hydrogen-based energy storage plant, in which surplus hydroelectricity and solar PV electricity are converted into hydrogen by water electrolysis, and the stored hydrogen to be used during dry seasons and peak times. The hydrogen-based energy storage pilot plant includes a 20 Nm3/h PEM Electrolyser, a 600 Nm3 tank for hydrogen storage @ 25 bar, and a 100 kW Fuel Cell used to reconvert the hydrogen back to electricity. The potential value added to the country interconnected power system, if large scale arrangements similar to these can be deployed, is a significant increase of use of energy volumes that are not currently available in periods and times when the real demand for electricity occurs. The total investment in this project is of about €8M. The Brazilian company BASE Sustainable Energy is implementing the project, together with a consortium contracted by the hydropower generation company CESP (Companhia Energética de São Paulo), in the state of Sao Paulo, southeast region of the country. 2. The other project considers the potential for large-scale deployment of the hydro-solar synergy systems, in which the remaining areas around hydro dams, available after construction of the hydropower plants, are used for construction of solar plants, and even floating PV plants on the surface of the reservoirs, with both generation systems dispatched as an unique combined energy source. The hydrogen-based energy storage system in this configuration works to fill in the seasonal and hourly gaps in the transition from one to the other energy source in the optimization of both as part of an interconnected system. The hydrogen-based energy storage pilot plant includes a 50 Nm3/h Alkaline Electrolyser, a 900 Nm3 tank for hydrogen storage @ 27 bar, and a 300 kW Fuel Cell used to reconvert the hydrogen back to electricity.

In this demonstration project, the potential value added to the country interconnected power system is the large scaled hydro-solar synergy, mainly due to the fact that Brazil has a large interconnected system of hydroelectric plants, which interconnect five different hydrographic basins, and most of them are located in areas with a high incidence of solar radiation. Total investment in this project is about €11.9M. This project is implemented by BASE Sustainable Energy a Brazilian company, contracted by the Federal power generating company Furnas Centrais Elétricas S/A, in the middle west region of the country.




Events and Solicitations


December 2020

4.1 ABH2 proposes to co-host with IPHE and the IADB (Inter-American Development Bank), a virtual event in February 2021, when a new study under development on hydrogen in the Latin America and the Caribbean will be published.

4.2 The BW Expo Summit Digital 2020 took place virtually 17 - 19 November with more than 3,000 participants. The program related to hydrogen was the following: https://www.bwexpo.com.br/

  • Introduction Monica Saraiva Panik
  • Presentation Prof. Paulo Emílio de Miranda “Hydrogen Scenario in Brazil”
  • Presentation Ansgar Pinkowski from the Chamber of Commerce and Industry and Green Alliance Brazil Germany “Results of the Hydrogen Sectormapping Brasil study ordered by the Ministry of Mines and Energy and GIZ

Day 17.11 at the Universo BW “Sala Transformação Energética – Hidrogênio”:

  • Presentations “International Hydrogen Scenario”, from leading countries including Germany, the United States and Japan. In addition to the presentations, discussion with each speaker: Loana Lima from the Chamber of Commerce and Industry and from the Green Alliance Brazil Germany, Sunita Satyapal US Department of Energy, and Katsuhiko Hirose, CEO HyWealth
  • SAE Brasil & Ballard Student H2 Challenge Opening Panel with a statement from Prof. Evaldo Ferreira Vilela, President of CNPq, and testimonials from MCTI, SAE Brasil, ANFAVEA and Ballard
  • Workshop “Green Hydrogen: A New Business for the Electric Sector, with specialists from ThyssenKrupp, Base and Gesel and a debate with companies in the sector.
  • Virtual exhibition "Sustainability Transforming the Cities of the Future" by Ronaldo Lopes, the creator of the Challenge vehicles and the character BW.

Day 18.11 at the Universo BW “Sala Transformação Energética – Hidrogênio”:

  • Technical Group and Teams SHOW of SAE Brasil & Ballard Student H2 Challenge
  • Workshop: The Potential of Biofuels for Hydrogen Production, with specialists from UNICAMP, Raízen and Hytron
  • Workshop shared with BW curator Yuri Tisi, on Plastic and Biomass Waste for Hydrogen Production and with the specialist from Recupera
  • Presentation MEC (Ministry of Education)’s ENERGIF Program, which supports R&D in wind and solar energy, energy efficiency in industry and buildings, biogas, biomethane, biofuels, renewable hydrogen and electric mobility.

Day 19.11 at the Palco BW:

  • Presentation "Brazilian Hydrogen Bus" at EMTU / SP – Monica Saraiva Panik
  • Presentation "How can Energy Transformation bring new business to Brazil?" with project ideas for Brazil in different Brazilian regions – Monica Saraiva Panik

Day 19.11 in the “Energy Transformation - Hydrogen” Room:

  • Award Ceremony and Certificates to the Teams of SAE Brasil & Ballard Student H2 Challenge, and the SAE Brasil & Siemens Automotive Virtual Challenge, with the special participation of the IPHE Education & Outreach (E&O) Working Group Early Career Chapter. In this panel there was the pairing and linking of the program in partnership with ANFAVEA, called “Adopt a University”, which is promoting the exchange between industry experts and students from the Challenge teams.
  • “Hydrogen Latin America” workshop with government representatives and hydrogen associations from Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Mexico and Colombia, showing the potential of these countries to become potential global suppliers of green hydrogen.
  • Full presentation “How can Energy Transformation bring new business to Brazil?” – Monica Saraiva Panik

Results of Workshops at the BW Expo Summit Digital 2020

Workshop “Green Hydrogen: A New Business for the Utility Sector”

During the workshop it was shown that green hydrogen represents a great potential for new business for the Electricity Sector in Brazil. The Technologies of Power-to-hydrogen, Power-to-Methane, Power-to-Biogas, Power-to-Syngas, allow the companies that generate electricity, to start producing and commercializing fuels (H2) and industrial gases.

ThyssenKrupp, presented its new business unit in Brazil for large electrolyzers and pointed out that Brazil is able to install a green hydrogen plant in any region due to the interconnection of the electrical system and its 83% renewable energy matrix.

The company Base Energia Sustentável presented the pioneering projects in Brazil at CESP and Furnas, which are demonstrating the production and storage of green hydrogen in a combined system between hydroelectric and solar sources. The project implemented at CESP (Companhia Energética de São Paulo) promoted the manufacture the first Brazilian PEM electrolyzer and a hydrogen tank.

The focus of the Furnas project is focused on scaling up. Simulations have been made to envision the possibility of energy storage and synergy with primary sources (solar and hydroelectric) to optimize results. In addition, hydrogen is produced and stored during the rainy season for months and reconverted to the system when necessary.

GESEL - Study Group for the Electric Sector said that Brazil will have an important role in this global market because it is one of the countries that can produce green hydrogen competitively. The goal of the European Union establishes its electric matrix in 85% of renewable sources for 2050, and Brazil in 2020, already has that. This means that we are 30 years ahead in this achievement. Green hydrogen will be a global commodity, reducing the dependence of European countries on some centers that export oil and natural gas. With a more global production, the hydrogen market will foster more economical and competitive trade relations, with less geopolitical interference. In addition to the fact that Brazil is a continental and tropical country, which guarantees the potential of renewable energy unmatched in the world, the regulatory model for the expansion of installed capacity is a success. Since 2000, installed capacity and transmission lines have been expanded through competitive auctions. The contracting models can be directed to hydrogen production on national soil and exported to the world. For that, it is enough to set up production plants on the Brazilian coast or in the Northeast region, for example. It is a development analogous to what happened with coffee.

Workshop "The Potential of Biofuels for the Production of Hydrogen"

The production of green hydrogen using biofuels can contribute and accelerate the decarbonization of the transport sector, which is among the areas that emit the most greenhouse gases in the world.

The mentor of research and development and innovation SAE Brasil, stated that clean solutions and technologies will need to enter the market more actively and quickly. He recalled that the entry of the Flex system (using ethanol and gasoline in an internal combustion engine) technology was well accepted in the market, remaining strong, even in times of crisis, because the power of choice is in the hands of users. “But, what will the future of mobility be like, since we will have to tie a new structure, expanding the idea of ​​flex? In addition to ethanol, Brazil has the potential of the biomass market. But, for that, it is necessary to define a strategic plan for the future energy and mobility market, in order, for example, to plan biomass production in an appropriate way.

The consultant for New Technologies and Industrial Processes at Raízen, presented some data on the company's biomass production potential. Currently, the potential of available biomass is 34.4 tons per hectare or 0.43 tons per ton of cane, with 0.28t coming from bagasse and 0.15t from straw.

The director of Hytron showed that the production of green hydrogen from ethanol is quite advantageous, since their equipment consumes 7.61 liters of ethanol for the production of 1 kg of hydrogen, consuming 18 liters of water and ten times less energy than the water electrolysis process. “Mobility in all its forms - light, heavy, maritime, rail vehicles, among others - tends to be electric because there is more efficiency and less pollution. As a result, complementary technologies will be necessary to provide its operation, as is the case with hydrogen. In a hypothetical situation, he performed simulations to demonstrate the feasibility of producing green hydrogen from ethanol. An SUV model would need 7.5 green hydrogen to achieve a range of 1,125 km. In other words, ethanol consumption would be in the order of 57 liters of ethanol to supply the 7.5 kg and the average consumption would reach 20 km / l. The refueling would take approximately 3 minutes. In his calculations, the cost of kg of hydrogen produced from ethanol varies between US$2.5 and US$5, an extremely competitive value worldwide, because today this production varies between US$7 and US$9.

Workshop “Production of H2 from Plastic Waste and Biomass”

The workshop was attended by the president of ABREN (Brazilian Association for Energy Recovery of Waste) and the specialist Flávio Ortigão from Recupera, who has gasification technology that produces high-purity hydrogen from plastic waste.

Hydrogen can be produced by the gasification of renewable, residual inputs, or the product of sustainable management of forest and plastic biomes at the end of life, via synthesis gas and without emissions, through the simple separation of syngas. By converting plastics, which are mostly derived from fossil oil and composed mainly of hydrogen and carbon, into emission-free synthetic gas, we avoid the same amount of virgin fossil oil and produce H2 avoiding CO2 emissions. White hydrogen is a viable way to turn the problem of non-recyclable plastics into a green solution.

Workshop “Hydrogen Latin America”

The workshop brought together representatives from governments and industry associations from Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Mexico and Colombia, as well as representatives from technology industries to discuss the potential of Latin American countries for the production and export of green hydrogen.

The president of the Chilean Hydrogen Association, presented the activities in the hydrogen sector in Chile, focused on the generation of green hydrogen from solar energy and its use for the decarbonization of the mining and public transport sector. Chile is currently leading the Latin American region in terms of strategic plans and government initiatives for this hydrogen sector.

The project manager of the Energy Storage Technology R&D group at the National Institute of Electricity and Clean Energy - Mexico (INEEL), presented the initiatives in Mexico, focused on the areas of hydrogen storage. Micro-grids and research in electrolysis and fuel cell technologies.

The president of the Brazilian Hydrogen Association presented the activities in Brazil.

The president of the Argentine Hydrogen Association presented the project Green Hydrogen Production in Patagonia using wind energy, among other activities.

The Hinicio's consultant presented the activities of the hydrogen sector in Colombia, which includes the partnership among the Federal Governments of Chile and Colombia, which signed a cooperation to leverage the hydrogen sector in their countries.

The new business development manager at Siemens Energy introduced the company's large-scale electrolyzer technology.

Several representatives of government agencies from Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Argentina and Colombia participated as well in this workshop. Latin American countries have numerous natural resources and sources of renewable energy, large industrial parks, in addition to representing large consumer markets, and therefore can contribute to the decarbonization of the global economy and should be included in the global map of international cooperation.

Hydrogen opens doors to Latin American countries for new business opportunities in the domestic market, international trade, job creation and for “Green Recovery” in several sectors such as transport, mining, steel, and the chemical industry.

SAE Brasil Student H2 Challenge

The SAE Brasil & Ballard Student H2 Challenge had a 3 days program at the BW Expo Summit Digital 2020 with participants from the SAE organization and technical groups, the student teams and representatives of the following supporting institutions:

  • CNPq (made the import process of the fuel cell stacks donated by Ballard)
  • Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI)
  • ANFAVEA (Brazilian Association of the Automotive Manufacturers – supported the program “Adopt a University”, which is promoting the exchange between industry experts and students from the Challenge teams
  • Ballard Power Systems (donated 10 fuel cell stacks)
  • Air Products (donated the H2 cylinders)
  • WEG Equipamentos Elétricos (donated an inverter for a validation text bench of the electric drive train system and adopted one university)
  • SEG Automotive (donated 8 electric motors)
  • Siemens Automotive (donated 8 software licenses for vehicle simulations)

The Awards and Certificates Ceremony and Virtual Challenge had the special participation of the IPHE Education & Outreach (E&O) Working Group Early Career Chapter, who gave certificates for the 3 first winner teams of the digital phases, and gave them the opportunity to present their vehicles and teams at the next meeting.

The pairing and linking of the “Adopt a University” program, which is promoting the exchange between industry experts and students from the Challenge teams, was made and formed the following pairs “Companies/Universities”:

The companies will support the teams on engineering, logistics and infrastructure during the vehicle construction phase and during the track competition to be scheduled according to the COVID-19 scenario.

The SAE Brasil & Ballard Student H2 Challenge had 15 Brazilian universities registered, 170 students trained per week over 3 weeks, on hydrogen and fuel cell technologies and 8 universities were selected during the digital phases to develop, construct, and operate in a test track 4 Bajas and 4 Formula SAE fuel cell hybrids. This is the first competition worldwide in this category.

__________________________________________________________________________

June 2020

In January 2020, the 3rd Biosphere World (BW EXPO 2020), a multidisciplinary event of technologies for sustainability of the environment, organized by SOBRATEMA (the Brazilian Association of Technology for Construction and Mining), included a new Curator Topic called “Energy Transformation – Hydrogen” joining the existing topics on Sustainable Agribusiness, Conservation of Water Resources, Sustainable Construction, Recycling, Waste to Energy, Valorization of Degraded Areas and Circular Economy.

In February 2020, the CENTRO UNIVERSITÁRIO FEI / Chemical Engineering Department, was the champion of the CHEM-E-CAR COMPETITION in the 2020 Brazil Student Regional Conference, organized by AIChE and Cimatec. The world competition might be held in the USA in November 2020. More details can be found at: https://www.aiche.org/chenected/2020/02/centro-universitario-senai-cimatec-student-chapter-hosts-first-brazil-student-regional-conference.

In April 2020, the SAE Brasil, an affiliate of the SAE International, with activities for disseminating knowledge and technology developments in Brazilian and international mobility, became partner of the BW EXPO 2020. SAE Brasil created a working group, “Mentoring in Technology and Innovation for the Mobility with Hydrogen”, and is organizing the “SAE Brazil & Ballard Student H2 Challenge” among universities and research institutions in Brazil. Ballard Power Systems from Canada, has donated 10 fuel cell stacks, technical support and online courses for the challenge, which will be to design and construct 10 small vehicles for the event.




Investments and Funding


December 2020 Nothing to report in this period.




Regulations, Codes & Standards, and Safety


December 2020

Nothing to report for this period.

____________________________________________________________________________ June 2020 The Brazilian Association of Technical Standards, ABNT, (http://www.abnt.org.br) issued on June 2018 the technical standard ABNT IEC/TS 62282-1:2018, entitled “Fuel cell technologies Part 1: Terminology”. It was prepared by the Hydrogen Technologies Technical Committee, CEE-67, which is also a mirror of ISO TC-197 Hydrogen Technologies and keeps a close connection with IEC TC-105 Fuel Cells. For the year 2019, CEE-67 has planned:
  • to apply to become an ISO TC-197 P-member;
  • to develop the necessary work to issue in Portuguese in Brazil in the near future the following new standards:
  • ISO/TC 197/WG 05 Gaseous hydrogen land vehicle refuelling connection devices;
  • ISO/TC 197/WG 15 Gaseous hydrogen - Cylinders and tubes for stationary storage
  • ISO/TC 197/WG 18 Gaseous hydrogen land vehicle fuel tanks and TPRDs
  • ISO/TC 197/WG 19 Gaseous hydrogen fuelling station dispensers
  • ISO/TC 197/WG 20 Gaseous hydrogen fuelling station valves
  • ISO/TC 197/WG 23 Gaseous hydrogen fuelling station fittings
  • ISO/TC 197/WG 24 Gaseous hydrogen fuelling stations – General requirements
  • ISO/TC 197/WG 25 Hydrogen absorbed in reversible metal hydride
  • ISO/TC 197/WG 26 Hydrogen generators using water electrolysis
  • ISO/TC 197/WG 27 Hydrogen fuel quality
  • ISO/TC 197/WG 28 Hydrogen quality control.
Annex 1: Listing of Institutions selected to generate the data in Figures 1 and 2
  1. Comissão Nacional de Energia Nuclear http://www.cnen.gov.br/
  2. Instituto Federal da Bahia http://portal.ifba.edu.br/
  3. Instituto Federal de Alagoas - Matriz https://www2.ifal.edu.br/
  4. Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia da Paraíba http://www.ifpb.edu.br/
  5. Instituto Federal do Ceará - Reitoria https://ifce.edu.br/
  6. Instituto Nacional de Metrologia, Qualidade e Tecnologia http://www.inmetro.gov.br/
  7. Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia http://www.int.gov.br/
  8. Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais https://www.pucminas.br
  9. Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul http://www.pucrs.br/
  10. Universidade de Brasília www.unb.br
  11. Universidade de Caxias do Sul https://www.ucs.br
  12. Universidade de Guarulhos http://www.ung.br/tags/universidade-guarulhos
  13. Universidade de Pernambuco www.upe.br
  14. Universidade de São Paulo https://www5.usp.br
  15. Universidade do Estado da Bahia www.uneb.br
  16. Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina https://www.udesc.br
  17. Universidade do Estado do Amazonas www.uea.edu.br
  18. Universidade Estadual de Campinas www.unicamp.br
  19. Universidade Estadual de Maringá www.uem.br
  20. Universidade Estadual do Ceará www.uece.br
  21. Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste https://www3.unicentro.br
  22. Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho https://www.unesp.br
  23. Universidade Federal da Bahia https://www.ufba.br
  24. Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados https://www.ufgd.edu.br
  25. Universidade Federal da Integração Latino-Americana https://www.unila.edu.br
  26. Universidade Federal de Alagoas https://ufal.br
  27. Universidade Federal de Campina Grande www.ufcg.edu.br
  28. Universidade Federal de Goiás https://www.ufg.br
  29. Universidade Federal de Itajubá https://unifei.edu.br
  30. Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora https://www2.ufjf.br
  31. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais https://ufmg.br
  32. Universidade Federal de Pernambuco https://www.ufpe.br
  33. Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina https://ufsc.br
  34. Universidade Federal de São Carlos https://www2.ufscar.br
  35. Universidade Federal de São Paulo www.unifesp.br
  36. Universidade Federal de Uberlândia www.ufu.br
  37. Universidade Federal do ABC www.ufabc.edu.br
  38. Universidade Federal do Amazonas https://ufam.edu.br
  39. Universidade Federal do Ceará www.ufc.br
  40. Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo www.ufes.br
  41. Universidade Federal do Oeste da Bahia https://www.ufob.edu.br
  42. Universidade Federal do Paraná www.ufpr.br
  43. Universidade Federal do Piauí www.ufpi.br/
  44. Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia https://ufrb.edu.br
  45. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro https://ufrj.br/
  46. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande https://www.furg.br
  47. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte https://www.ufrn.br
  48. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul www.ufrgs.br/ufrgs/inicial
  49. Universidade Federal do Sul da Bahia https://www.ufsb.edu.br/
  50. Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri - Campus JK www.ufvjm.edu.br/
  51. Universidade Federal Fluminense www.uff.br/
  52. Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco www.ufrpe.br/
  53. Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro http://portal.ufrrj.br/
  54. Universidade Salvador https://www.unifacs.br
  55. Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná http://portal.utfpr.edu.br/
  56. Universidade Tiradentes https://www.unit.br/
Annex 2: Listing of Companies selected to produce the data in Figures 3 and 4
  1. 3M DO BRASIL LTDA www.3m.com.br
  2. AES ELETROPAULO www.aeseletropaulo.com.br
  3. AES TIETÊ www.aestiete.com.br
  4. AIR LIQUIDE BRASIL LTDA www.airliquide.com/brazil
  5. ANOD-ARC www.anod-arc.com.br/
  6. BRASILH2 www.brasilh2.com.br/brh2-info.html
  7. CEA www.cea.portal.ap.gov.br
  8. CEB www.ceb.com.br
  9. CEEE www.ceee.com.br
  10. CEELBIO www.gust.com/companies/ceelbio_tecnologia_em_cermicas
  11. CELESC www.celesc.com.br
  12. CELPA www.celpa.com.br
  13. CELPE www.servicos.celpe.com.br
  14. CEMAR www.cemar116.com.br
  15. CEMIG www.cemig.com.br
  16. CENTRO DE TECNOLOGIA CANAVIEIRA www.new.ctc.com.br
  17. CEPEL - ELETROBRAS www.cepel.br
  18. CER www.cer-energia.com.br
  19. CESP www.cesp.com.br
  20. CHESF www.chesf.gov.br
  21. CHESP www.chesp.com.br
  22. COCEL www.cocel.com.br
  23. COELBA www.coelba.com.br
  24. COOPERALIANCA www.cooperalianca.com.br
  25. COPEL www.copel.com
  26. COSERN www.cosern.com.br
  27. CPFL www.cpfl.com.br
  28. CTEEP www.isacteep.com.br
  29. DME www.dmedsa.com.br
  30. EDP BRASIL www.edpbr.com.br
  31. EFLUL www.eflul.com.br
  32. ELECTROCELL www.electrocell.com.br/
  33. ELEKTRO www.elektro.com.br
  34. ELETROCAR www.eletrocar.com.br
  35. ELFSM www.portal.elfsm.com.br
  36. EMBRAER www.embraer.com/br/pt
  37. ENEL www.eneldistribuicao.com.br
  38. Energética Barra Grande S/A www.baesa.com.br/baesa/
  39. EnergiaH www.energiah.com.br
  40. ENERGISA www.energisa.com.br
  41. ENEVA www.eneva.com.br
  42. ENGIE www.engieenergia.com.br
  43. EQUINOR www.equinor.com.br
  44. FURNAS www.furnas.com.br
  45. GEAM www.machadinho.com.br
  46. HIDROGENIO GLOBAL www.hidrogenioglobal.com/
  47. HIDROPAN www.hidropan.com.br
  48. HYSTER YALES www.hyster.com/brasil/pt-br
  49. HYTRON www.hytron.com.br
  50. IGUAÇU ENERGIA www.ienergia.com.br
  51. ITAIPU www.itaipu.gov.br
  52. LIGHT www.light.com.br
  53. LINDE GAS BRASIL www.linde-gas.com.br
  54. MUXENERGIA www.muxenergia.com.br
  55. NEOENERGIA www.neoenergia.com
  56. NISSAN www.nissan.com.br/
  57. NOVOCELL www.novocell.ind.br
  58. OXITENO www.oxiteno.com
  59. PETROBRAS www.petrobras.com.br
  60. PETRONAS LUBRIFICANTES BRASIL S.A www.pli-petronas.com/br
  61. POTENCIAL BIODIESEL LTDA www.potencialbiodiesel.com.br
  62. QUIMICA AMPARO LTDA www.ype.ind.br/a-ype
  63. RGE www.rge-rs.com.br
  64. STILL www.still.com.br
  65. SULGIPE www.sulgipe.com.br/
  66. SYNGENTA PROTEÇÃO DE CULTIVOS LTDA www.syngenta.com.br
  67. TRACEL LTDA. www.tracel.com.br/produtos/
  68. Tractebel Energia S/A www.tractebelenergia.com.br/wps/portal/internet
  69. Usina Xavantes S.A. www.utexavantes.com.br




Data


June 2020

____________________________________________________________________________

December 2020




Member Statements


Last updated June 2020 Brazilian Statement (PDF); 34th Steering Committee Meeing; Virtual; 1 - 4 December 2020 Brazilian Statement (PDF); 33st Steering Committee Meeting; Online; 16 - 19 June 2020 Brazilian Statement (PDF); 31st Steering Committee Meeting; Vienna, Austria; 9 - 12 April 2019 Brazilian Statement (PDF); 30th Steering Committee Meeting; Pretoria, South Africa; 6 December 2018 Brazilian Statement (PDF); 29th Steering Committee Meeting; Kobe, Japan; 11 May 2018 Brazilian Statement (PDF); 28th Steering Committee Meeting; The Hague, The Netherlands; November November 2017 Brazilian Statement (PDF); 27th Steering Committee Meeting; Hamburg, Germany; 25 - 28 April 2017 Brazilian Statement (PDF 357KB); 25th Steering Committee Meeting; Berkeley, California, USA; 17 - 20 May 2016 Brazilian Statement (PDF 3.05MB); 19th Steering Committee Meeting; London, United Kingdom; 23-24 May 2013 Brazilian Statement (PDF 2.17MB); 14th Steering Committee Meeting; Shanghai, China; 21-22 September 2010 Brazilian Statement (PDF 1.35MB); ILC/SC Joint Meeting; Washington, DC; 1-3 December 2009
Supplementary document: Ônibus Brasileiro a Hidrogênio:Tecnologias Renováveis para o Transport e Urbano no Brasil 9 (Brazilian Fuel Cell Bus brochure) (PDF 12.81MB) Brazilian Statement (PDF 2.2MB); Implementation-Liaison Committee Meeting; Seoul, Korea; 11-14 June 2007 Brazilian Statement (PDF 34KB); Steering Committee Meeting Reykjavik, Iceland; 26-27 September 2006 Brazilian Statement (PDF 1.69MB); Steering Committee Meeting; Kyoto, Japan; 14-15 September 2005 Brazilian Statement; ILC Committee Meeting; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 24-26 April 2007 Brazilian Statement (PDF 92KB); Steering Committee Meeting; Paris, France; January 2005 Brazilian Statement (PDF 322KB); Steering Committee Meeting; Beijing, China; May 2004 Brazilian Statement (PDF 27KB); Implementation-Liaison Committee Meeting; Reisensburg, Germany; 26 February 2004 Ministerial Statement; IPHE Inaugural Ministerial Meeting; Washington, DC; 20 Nov 2003 © 2019 Contact: Prof. Paulo Emilio Valadao de Miranda | pmiranda@labh2.coppe.ufrj.br