Netherlands

Updated December 2020

FC Trucks
FC Bus
​FC Forklifts
​FC Cars
Refueling Station
Electrolyzer
Stationary FC
Current Status 
22
0
314
6
7
1MW
Target   by 2020
     by 2025
     by 2030
500
3,500
--
--
--
--
100
300
--
2,000
15,000
300,000
20
50
--
--
500MW
3 - 4GW
--
--
--
--

Initiatives, Programs, and Policies


December 2020

“After presenting its hydrogen ambitions in de Dutch Climate Agreement in June 2019, The Netherlands has recently presented in March 2020 its hydrogen strategy to the Dutch Parliament. Here is the systemic role of clean hydrogen recognized in a zero-carbon energy supply and the unique starting position for The Netherlands is highlighted. Namely:

  • Large offshore wind potential in the North Sea that can be used to produced green hydrogen.
  • Gas infrastructure will soon be available for hydrogen transport in relation to the stopping of gas production in Groningen.
  • Industry ready to make the transition to hydrogen (3 of the 23 flagship projects from the Hydrogen Council are in The Netherlands).
  • Cooperation between gas and electricity national network operators Gasunie and Tennet via the infrastructure outlook 2050 (putting sector coupling in practice).
  • High potential to develop large scale hydrogen storage in salt caverns and empty gas fields.
  • Favorable geographical position to become a hydrogen hub while utilizing existing port infrastructure to connect Europe and the world in a global hydrogen market.

This strategy targets 3-4 GW electrolysis capacity in 2030 and provides details on support measurements while identifying key challenges that need to be addressed for clean hydrogen covering a wide range of sectors and applications. Furthermore, the strategy provides a policy agenda that is aligned with the targets established in the National Climate Agreement and serves as basis for the development and implementation of the National Hydrogen Programme to be executed as of 2022 as a joint public-private partnership. A policy agenda is presented based on four pillars:

  1. Legislation & Regulation: utilization of existing gas grid for hydrogen transport, market regulation and temporary task for network operators, guarantees of origin and certification and safety.
  2. Cost Reduction & Scaling up Hydrogen: linking hydrogen to offshore wind energy (possible combined tenders), blending obligation and support schemes for research, scaling up and rolling out with the announcement of a new and temporary exploitation subsidy of €35million per year in addition to the existing €40million Demonstration Energy and Climate Innovation (DEI+) scheme.
  3. Sustainability of Final Consumption: ports and industry clusters, transport including synthetic fuels, built environment, electricity sector and agricultural sector.
  4. Supporting and Flanking Policy: international strategy, regional policy and research & innovation.”

Further, we would like to point out the following new initiatives:

  • Joint Political Declaration of the Penta-lateral Energy Forum on the Role of Hydrogen to Decarbonize the Energy System in Europe: the Netherlands and Austria have taken the initiative to develop the joint Political Declaration by Ministers on Hydrogen from Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Switzerland, which was published in June 2020.
  • HyWay27 Study: The Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy, TenneT and Gasunie run study on the development of a national hydrogen infrastructure.
  • Memorandum of Understanding between The Netherlands and Portugal in the field of hydrogen: The Minister of Environment and Climate Action of the Portuguese Republic and the Minister of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy of the Netherlands signed an Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to affirm their intention to connect Portugal's and the Netherlands's 2030 hydrogen plans and develop a strategic export-import value chain to ensure production and transport of green hydrogen from Portugal to the Netherlands and its hinterland via the ports of Sines and Rotterdam.
  • Collaboration Between the United States and the Netherlands Focuses on Hydrogen Technology: Statement of intent to collaborate on collecting, analysing, and sharing information on hydrogen production and infrastructure technologies between the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) and the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy’s Directorate General for Climate and Energy
  • HY3 Project: The Dutch, German and North Rhine-Westphalia governments have asked TNO and FZ Jülich to study the pre-feasibility of a transnational hydrogen economy at the border of the Netherlands and North Rhine-Westphalia.
  • IPCEI Open Call organized by RVO and 83 projects signed up.
  • €10million subsidy for two hydrogen pilots in the residential area were granted in the second round of the Natural Gas-Free Neighbourhoods Program (PAW). The aim of the program is to learn how Natural gas-free neighbourhoods can be organized and scaled up. This requires real gas-free homes and other buildings to be established through a neighbourhood-oriented approach. As part of it, municipalities gain knowledge and experience on how to make existing neighbourhoods free from fossil fuels in an affordable way. In fact, all Dutch municipalities are making plans for natural gas-free transition and some are already very far along. Within the PAW, approximately 50,000 homes and other buildings are expected to be made more sustainable.
  • Reports sent to the Parliament about hydrogen:

___________________________________________________________________________

June 2020

After presenting its hydrogen ambitions in the Dutch Climate Agreement in June 2019, The Netherlands presented in March 2020 its hydrogen strategy to the Dutch Parliament. The strategy describes the systemic role of clean hydrogen, recognized in a zero-carbon energy supply, and the unique starting position for The Netherlands, including:

  • Large offshore wind potential in the North Sea that can be used to produced green hydrogen;
  • Gas infrastructure will soon be available for hydrogen transport in relation to the stopping of gas production in Groningen;
  • Industry ready to make the transition to hydrogen (3 of the 23 flagship projects from the Hydrogen Council are in The Netherlands);
  • Cooperation between gas and electricity national network operators Gasunie and Tennet via de infrastructure outlook 2050 (putting sector coupling in practice);
  • High potential to develop large scale hydrogen storage in salt caverns and empty gas fields; and,
  • Favorable geographical position to become a hydrogen hub while utilizing existing port infrastructure to connect Europe and the world in a global hydrogen market.

This strategy targets 3-4 GW electrolysis capacity in 2030 and provides details on support measurements while identifying key challenges that need to be addressed for clean hydrogen covering a wide range of sectors and applications. Furthermore, the strategy provides a policy agenda that is aligned with the targets established in the National Climate Agreement and serves as basis for the development and implementation of the National Hydrogen Programme to be executed as of 2022, as a joint public-private partnership.

A policy agenda is presented based on four pillars:

  1. Legislation & Regulation: utilization of existing gas grid for hydrogen transport, market regulation and temporary task for network operators, guarantees of origin and certification, and safety.
  2. Cost Reduction & Scaling up Hydrogen: linking hydrogen to offshore wind energy (possible combined tenders), blending obligation and support schemes for research, scaling up and deployments with the announcement of a new and temporary exploitation subsidy of €35M per year in addition to the existing €40M DEI+ (Demonstration Energy and Climate Innovation) innovation scheme.
  3. Sustainability of Final Consumption: ports and industry clusters, transport including synthetic fuels, built environment, electricity sector and agricultural sector.
  4. Supporting and Flanking Policy: international strategy, regional policy and research & innovation.

National Hydrogen Programme

This programme will be adaptive in nature and in principle be based on the phased hydrogen

plan leading up to 2030 that is included in the National Climate Agreement. This means that the period up to and including 2021 will be used as the preparatory phase, with ongoing initiatives and projects to be used as a point of departure. Consultations with

stakeholders will take place regarding the structure and implementation of the programme, which will use the report on the Multi-year Programmatic Approach for Hydrogen of TKI New Gas as a basis.

International Strategy

The Netherlands seeks to achieve a EU-wide approach on key issues, such as common standards for hydrogen sustainability, safety, quality, blending in gas grids, and market regulations. These efforts include investigating the potential for creating an Important Projects of Common European Interest to support hydrogen import/export. Within the Pentalateral Forum (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Switzerland), the Netherlands and Austria have taken the initiative to develop a joint Political Declaration by Ministers on Hydrogen, which will be published in June 2020.

The Netherlands participates in the Hydrogen IEA Technology Collaboration Programmes (TCP). Also, The Netherlands takes part in the Mission Innovation Challenge 8: Renewable and Clean Hydrogen, and in the Hydrogen Initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial.




Research and Development


December 2020

Nothing specific to report in this period.

This is not something that the government agencies are actively tracking.

___________________________________________________________________________

June 2020

The Netherlands provides several RD&D support schemes for hydrogen, from fundamental to applied research and demonstration. Below is a summary of these schemes provided:

  • The Electrochemical Conversion & Materials (ECCM) programme, which connects strong knowledge positions in the Netherlands in the fields of chemistry, energy and high-techmanufacturing. Within this programme there were in total €25,7Mgranted in June 2019 to execute four initiatives related to sustainable energy storage and conversion:

    • Dutch Research Center (NWO) tenure/trackpositionCall (TRL 1-3).

    • National research agenda (NWA) call storage and conversion (TRL 1-3)

    • TNO Faraday Lab and VoltaChem Programme (TRL 3-7): new electrochemistry laboratory in Petten for PEM hydrogen production. VoltaChem program is for industrial electrification and carbon capture and storage.

    • ISPT-HydroHub MW Test Centre (TRL 4-7): to support technological development of water electrolysis.

  • Mission-Orientated Research, Development and Innovation (MOOI) scheme: New scheme as of2020 for projects with TRL 4-6 with four categories: Offshore wind, renewable energy on land, built environment and industry.The total budget is €65M.All topics are applicable to hydrogen.

  • Hydrogen tender:This scheme is for innovative projects for hydrogen as energy carrier that provides in lower costs, better efficiency and reliable products, methods and services. The innovation must be scalable and must have a robust business case. The total budget is €2,2M, with a maximum of € 500.000 per project.

  • Demonstration Energy and Climate Innovation grant scheme (DEI+):This is a key mechanism to support deployment of hydrogen pilot projectsoriented to projects with TRL 7-9. Projects selected for DEI+ fundingreceive grants covering up to 45% of project costs with a maximum of €15Mper project. For hydrogen there are €40Mreserved per year.




Demonstration, Deployments, and Workforce Developments


December 2020

There are numerous projects undertaken by Dutch industry, small and medium enterprises, research institutes, consultants, NGOs and regional governments aiming at realizing the potential role of hydrogen as established in the National Hydrogen Strategy. TKI New Gas has published an update of the overview in the summer of 2020 with over 80 active Dutch pilots and demonstration projects on hydrogen. This overview can be found here.

Relevant to mention is the Northern Netherlands Hydrogen Investment Plan published on 30th October 2020 by businesses and government bodies in the Northern Netherlands. The plan includes investments up to €9billion and could secure some 66,000 existing jobs in areas like gas infrastructure and mobility and help create between 25,000 (in 2030) and 41,000 (in 2050) new jobs in areas like maintenance and operations.

____________________________________________________________________________

June 2020

There are numerous amount of projects undertaken by Dutch industry, small and medium enterprises, research institutes, consultants, NGOs and regional governments aiming at realizing the potential role of hydrogen as established in the National Hydrogen Strategy. In March 2020, TKI New Gas published an overview of over 80 active Dutch pilots and demonstration projects on hydrogen.




Events and Solicitations


December 2020

EVENTS:

  • The Netherlands Digital Innovation Mission on Hydrogen to California and British Columbia, 7-9 December 2020. Sign up: https://ecc.mentorjam.com.

  • Workshop-Webinar 'Scaling Up Clean Hydrogen Around the North Sea', The Hague, The Netherlands, March 2021 (EZK, CIEP, CEM, IPHE, final date to be decided)

  • Wind meets Gas symposium, 7th and 8th of October 2021 in Groningen

____________________________________________________________________________

June 2020

EVENTS:

  • North Sea Energy Event: 'Unlocking potential of the North Sea', online, 15th June 2020

  • Energeia energy Day 2020, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 27 October 2020

  • Workshop 'Scaling Up Clean Hydrogen Around the North Sea', The Hague, The Netherlands, 15th January 2021 (EZK, CIEP, CEM, IPHE)




Investments and Funding


December 2020

The figure below shows the government funding awarded per year to hydrogen and fuel cell demonstration and deployments projects, with the tag above the columns corresponding to the percentage of the total energy research budget granted each year (data from the public available “monitor for public financed energy research 2019” from RVO).

____________________________________________________________________________

June 2020

The figure below shows the government funding awarded per year to hydrogen and fuel cell demonstration and deployments projects.

Funding levels for hydrogen and fuel cells R&D have increased in the last years as shown in the figure (data for 2019 is not complete. An update will be provided in two months). In 2018 these activities received €7.85M (around 5% of the total energy R&D budget, including a small share for fuel cell research).




Regulations, Codes & Standards, and Safety


December 2020

The National Climate Agreement mandates that statutory and regulatory flexibility can be created for experiments to allow regional and national network operators to gain experience in the transport and distribution of hydrogen. In that case, the network operators will begin collaborating with market participants to launch hydrogen pilot projects, with the purpose of jointly exploring a workable supply chain.

The Netherlands is facing a great reorganization of the environmental laws per 2022, which also include the Hydrogen Refuelling Stations (HRS) safety regulations. An unofficial translation of this “Environment and Planning Act” is available here. Together with the implementation of the Environment and Planning Act the determination of safety distances might change: it is expected that fixed safety distances will be obligatory for HRS rather than requiring Quantitative Risk Assessments (QRA).

At the start of 2020, the Netherlands launched the four-year Hydrogen Safety Innovation Programme, which is a public-private partnership between the national government, network operators, emergency services, knowledge institutes and companies. The programme identifies safety issues in the area of hydrogen and proposes policies and agreements that allow these issues to be adequately addressed.

The Safety Programme focuses on the national level but aims to implement international developments. The work concentrates around six working packages:

  1. WP1: harmonization of the permitting process for HRS by developing guidelines
  2. WP2: risk and incident management
  3. WP3: legal aspects, including the finding of white spots
  4. WP4: safety risks inventory for production, storage, transport and hydrogen use
  5. WP5: HAZID-studies on the use of hydrogen in public spaces
  6. WP6: International knowledge and lessons learnt

__________________________________________________________________________

June 2020

The National Climate Agreement mandates that statutory and regulatory flexibility can be created for experiments to allow regional and national network operators to gain experience in the transport and distribution of hydrogen. In that case, the network operators will begin collaborating with market participants to launch hydrogen pilot projects, with the purpose of jointly exploring a workable supply chain. A process has been initiated to enable this through the General Administrative Order on ‘Temporary Tasks’ under the current Gas Act. A swift approach will be required to prevent any obstacles. The aim is to have the General Administrative Order finalised in 2020.

The Netherlands is undertaking a fundamental reorganization of its environmental laws to be completed by 2022, which also include some small changes in the Hydrogen Refuelling Stations (HRS) safety regulations on safety distances. An unofficial translation of this “Environment and Planning Act” is available here. Together with the implementation of the Environment and Planning Act the determination of safety distances might change: it is expected that fixed safety distances will be obligatory for HRS rather than requiring Quantitative risk Assessments (QRA).

At the start of 2020, the Netherlands launched the four-year Hydrogen Safety Innovation Programme, which will be implemented as a public-private partnership between the national government, network operators, emergency services, knowledge institutes, and companies. The programme identifies safety issues in the area of hydrogen and proposes policies and agreements that allow these issues to be adequately addressed.

The Safety Programme focuses on the national level but aims to implement international developments. The work concentrates around six working packages:

  1. WP1: harmonization of the permitting process for HRS by developing guidelines
  2. WP2: risk and incident management
  3. WP3: legal aspects, including the finding of white spots
  4. WP4: safety risks inventory for production, storage, transport and hydrogen use
  5. WP5: HAZID-studies on the use of hydrogen in public spaces
  6. WP6: International knowledge and lessons learnt




Data


June 2020 ____________________________________________________________________________ December 2020




Member Statements


Last updated December 2020 Netherlands Statement (PDF); 34th Steering Committee Meeting; Virtual 1- 4 December 2020 Netherlands Statement (PDF); 33nd Steering Committee Meeting; Online; 16 - 19 June 2020 Netherlands Statement (PDF); 32nd Steering Committee Meeting; Seoul, Republic of Korea; 21-25 October 2019 Netherlands Statement (PDF); 31st Steering Committee Meeting; Vienna, Austria; 9-12 April 2019 Netherlands Statement (PDF); 30th Steering Committee Meeting; Pretoria, South Africa; 4-7 December, 2018 Netherlands Statement (PDF); 29th Steering Committee Meeting; Kobe, Japan; 8-11 May 2018 Netherlands Statement (PDF); 28th Steering Committee Meeting; Netherlands; 20-23 November 2017 Netherlands Statement (PDF); 27th Steering Committee Meeting; Hamburg, Germany; 25-28 April 2017 Netherlands Statement (PDF); 25th Steering Committee Meeting; Berkeley, California, USA; 17-20 May 2016 Contact: Mr. Han Feenstra | j.d.feenstra@minezk.nl




Media


Hydrogen Valley Video https://www.strawberryfields.nu/project/hydrogen_valley.html Password: alley





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