Canada


Demonstration and Deployment


Hydrogen Demonstration Program Overviews

Canada has been involved in the development of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies for over two decades.  Canada is well positioned to be a leading developer and adopter of these technologies for two main reasons.  Firstly, Canada is the largest per capita producer of hydrogen in the OECD, producing approximately 3 million tonnes annually.  And second, Canada is a world leader in the development of fuel cell technology and hydrogen infrastructure systems.   The following are some examples of how Canada's governments, industry and academia are working together to demonstrate made in Canada hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.

Hydrogen Highway – Province of British Columbia (BC)

The BC Hydrogen Highway is a destination and showcase – a place where people can see and experience hydrogen and fuel cell technology in action. The developing Hydrogen Highway Network includes not only Hydrogen Highway refuelling stations, but also mobile, stationary, portable, and micro-fuel cell applications throughout British Columbia's southwest corner. The Hydrogen Highway's mission is to enable and advance the use of Canadian hydrogen and fuel cell technologies.
http://www.hydrogenhighway.ca

Hydrogen Village – Province on Ontario (ON)

The goal of Hydrogen Village is to lead the way to a green and sustainable energy future by raising awareness and breaking down barriers to markets for hydrogen, fuel cell, and other relevant technologies within the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). The GTA is already home to a growing cluster of unique, sustainable hydrogen and fuel cell projects. These projects illustrate that the hydrogen economy is not a dream for the distant future - hydrogen and fuel cell technology has realistic applications for today.
http://www.hydrogenvillage.ca

Vancouver Fuel Cell Vehicle Program – Province of British Columbia (BC)

Showing the world a better way to get from point A to point B is what the VFCVP is all about. It's about putting hydrogen energy in motion. Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs) are revolutionary automobiles that produce no tailpipe emissions. Rather than burning gas, these vehicles are propelled by electric motors that get their energy from fuel cells, devices that extract electricity from hydrogen fuel quietly, efficiently and without combustion. The VFCVP is putting FCVs and hydrogen refuelling systems to work in real-world applications to enable the evaluation and improvement of system performance. It is also helping facilitate international codes and standards development and other activities critical to preparing the market for a clean-energy future.
http://www.vfcvp.gc.ca

BC Transit Fuel Cell Buses – Province of British Columbia (BC)

Hydrogen fuel cell buses produce no harmful emissions or greenhouse gases. At maturity, life cycle costs for fuel cell buses are expected to be lower than today's conventional buses. The purchase of these fuel cell buses and hydrogen fuel reinforce BC's commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Results from past tests of fuel-cell-powered transit buses are valuable, but the tests were restricted to small numbers of buses at any particular location. BC Transit will be the first to fully integrate an entire hydrogen fuel cell bus fleet into a transit system. http://www.transitbc.com/fuelcell/default.cfm

PEI Wind-Hydrogen Village – Prince Edward Island (PEI)

The PEI Wind-Hydrogen Village project is being developed in North Cape, Prince Edward Island as a unique grid-independent energy supply solution for remote communities.  The system is designed to operate on the basis that when the wind is blowing, wind turbines supply power to connected buildings as well as a hydrogen production, compression and storage system.  When there is low or no wind conditions, the stored hydrogen is used to fuel a hydrogen engine generator that keeps electricity flowing to the buildings.  The PEI Wind-Hydrogen Village is intended to demonstrate an effective and sustainable means for addressing the intermittency of wind power in stand-alone applications.  Hydrogen produced from local wind and water is a truly clean and renewable energy carrier with potential for reducing dependency on imported fossil fuels for stationary power and transportation applications.
http://www.gov.pe.ca


Hydrogen Filling Stations (Nationwide)

Total of 16 hydrogen filling stations

Station Capacity Dispensing Pressure Production Method
North Vancouver, British Columbia (Northlands Station)
Storage at 45MPa: 250kg
35 MPa
Waste Hydrogen
Port Coquitlam, British Columbia (Translink)
Storage at 45MPa: 120kg
35 MPa
Waste Hydrogen
Surrey, British Columbia (Powertech Labs)
Storage at
45MPa: 60kg
Storage at 85MPa: 60kg
35/70 MPa
On-site Electrolysis (24kg/d)
Surrey, British Columbia (70 MPa mobile trailer)
Storage at 85MPa: 60kg
70 MPa
Electrolysis
Surrey, British Columbia (25 MPa mobile trailer)
Storage at 25MPa: 80kg
25 MPa
Electrolysis
Vancouver, British Columbia (Pacific Spirit Station)
Storage at 45MPa: 67kg
35 MPa
Waste Hydrogen
Victoria, British Columbia)
Storage: 40kg
35 MPa
Waste Hydrogen
Whistler, British Columbia (2009)
Liquid Storage: 5500kg
35 MPa
Waste Hydrogen
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
Storage at 45MPa: 24kg
35 MPa
Waste Hydrogen
Ottawa, Ontario (Natural Resources Canada)
Storage at 45MPa: 60kg
35 MPa
SMR/Electrolysis
Oshawa, Ontario (General Motors)
Storage at 45MPa: 60kg
35 MPa
SMR/Electrolysis
Toronto, Ontario (Purolator)
60kg/day
35 MPa
On-site Electrolysis
Toronto, Ontario (North Toronto Station)
Storage: 140kg
17 MPa
SMR/Electrolysis
Toronto, Ontario (Exhibition Place)
60kg/day
35 MPa
On-site Electrolysis
Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island
Storage at 45Mpa: 30kg
35 MPa
Wind-powered Electrolysis
North Cape, Prince Edward Island (2009)
Storage at 45MPa: 15kg
35 MPa
Wind-powered Electrolysis


Hydrogen Vehicles Involved in Demonstration Programs

Vehicles

  • 5 fuel cell vehicles in Vancouver and Victoria
  • 4 dual-fuel pick-up trucks (ICE) in Saskatoon
  • 8 hydrogen internal combustion engine ICE pick-up trucks in Vancouver

Hydrogen Buses

  • 20 fuel cell buses in Whistler (2009)
  • 10 hydrogen internal combustion shuttle buses: Ottawa, 3; Vancouver, 2; Toronto, 3; and Charlottetown, 2
  • 4 hydrogen/compressed natural gas (20% hydrogen by volume) transit buses in Vancouver

Stationary Fuel Cells

  • 5-kW solid oxide fuel cell at the National Research Council in Vancouver; designed to provide electricity and heat for the institute's building
  • 150-kW PEM stationary fuel cell for heat and power at Easy Wash car wash in North Vancouver
  • 20-kW fuel cell backup power system located in an office in an 80 year old building in downtown Toronto
  • 200-kW phosphoric acid fuel cell located at the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology in Edmonton, Alberta; providing heat and power for a swimming pool complex and used as a teaching tool
  • 1.2-MW molten carbonate fuel cell located at Enbridge in Toronto (In addition to the fuel cell, the power plant includes a 1.0-MW unfired gas expansion turbine (turbo-expander) that recovers pressure energy lost during natural gas pipeline operations.)
  • 8-kW fuel cell backup power system located at McKesson, Canada in Toronto

Demonstrations Involving Other Types of Fuel Cell Applications

  • 19 fuel cell forklifts in Oshawa

Links


Last updated April 21, 2009